On May 31, 2021, New Zealand signed the US-led Artemis Agreements with NASA at a ceremony in Wellington, joining an international cooperation agreement with NASA for peaceful, safe, sustainable space exploration. and transparent.
Peter Crabtree, the head of the New Zealand Space Agency signed the Artemis agreements thus making New Zealand on 11e countries to sign the Artemis Agreements, a plan for space cooperation, supporting NASA missions to return humans to the moon by 2021 and launching a historic human mission to Mars.
New Zealand joins the growing list of countries that have signed the Artemis Agreements, namely United States, Ukraine, United Arab Emirates, United Kingdom, Republic of Korea, Luxembourg, Japan, l ‘Italy, Canada and Australia.
Why did New Zealand sign the Artemis Accords?
• Nanaia Mahuta, Minister of Foreign Affairs of New Zealand, said the country is committed to ensuring that the next phase of space exploration is conducted in a safe, sustainable and transparent manner and in full respect of international law.
• The country is committed to working with stakeholders to resolve any space issues and ensure that the space environment is available and accessible for the benefit of all, now and in the future, he said.
• The ability to use space resources like minerals on the moon and different celestial bodies is crucial to enable the next phases of space exploration, which includes sending humans to Mars, he said.
• Artemis agreements facilitate the establishment of principles and the promotion of cooperation around space exploration in terms of interoperability, transparency, publication of scientific data, safe disposal of debris, sustainable use of resources. and prevention of harmful interference in space activities.
• The Artemis Agreements are an important first step towards meeting the additional need for rules or standards to ensure the sustainability and long-term conservation of these resources, he noted.
• The Artemis agreements facilitate our preparation for future trade and economic opportunities as well as the achievement of foreign policy objectives, said Economic Development Minister Stuart Nash.
New Zealand space industry
• New Zealand’s space industry has been estimated to be worth $ 1.7 billion and the turnover of the space manufacturing sector is approximately $ 247 million per year.
• New Zealand is also one of the few countries that has been able to launch rockets into space. Rocket Lab, a Californian company specializing in launching small satellites into orbit. The company launched a test rocket into space four years ago from the remote Mahia Peninsula.
The Artemis Accords: Key points
• The Artemis Agreements are an international agreement between countries participating in the Artemis program, a plan for space cooperation led by the United States, supporting NASA missions to return humans to the moon by 2021 and launching a mission human history on Mars.
• NASA is leading the Artemis program which will send the first woman and the next man to the moon in 2024. The founding member countries to have signed the Artemis agreements are the United States, the United Kingdom, the United Arab Emirates, Luxembourg , Japan, Italy, Canada, and Australia.
• The Artemis Agreement was first signed on October 13, 2020. The Agreement sets out principles for cooperation in space exploration and the safe use of the Moon, Mars, comets and asteroids , sustainable and peaceful.
• The principles of the Artemis agreements are peaceful exploration, transparency, interoperability, emergency aid, registration of space objects, dissemination of scientific data, preservation of heritage, space resources, activity deconfliction and orbital debris.