Have you ever wondered what star feasting black holes look like? Don’t worry, we’ve got you covered. In a new version from NASA, scientists reveal what the brilliant cosmic process would look like.
The black hole research was undertaken by Sixiang Wen of the Steward Observatory at the University of Arizona.
How was the cosmic event captured?
The researchers used the x-rays released by the event to record measurements of the black hole’s mass and its rotation.
The event in which a black hole engulfs a star is known as the “tidal disturbance event”, and this is officially known as “J2150”.
When a star is killed by a black hole, an intense amount of radiation is released. According to Phys.org, this radiation is sometimes able to surpass the combined light emanating from each star residing in the black hole’s host galaxy for years, depending on the size of the event..
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The black hole that devoured the star is elusive (classified as an “intermediate-mass black hole), as its estimates have been difficult by scientists. But this event has helped scientists observe its properties. Using complex theoretical models and by analyzing the x -ray data, the scientists found that an unlucky star had indeed fallen into the mouth of this black hole.
The black hole in question is 10,000 times the mass of our central star, the Sun.
Why is this a big deal?
While observing tidal disturbance events is relatively common for supermassive black holes, it is not so easy for intermediate black holes. In fact, there is very little or no data on the ability of an intermediate black hole to eat a star, that is, to cause a tidal disturbance eruption.
Whenever a star gets too close to a black hole, it is torn apart in a gas trail by gravitational forces, causing a tidal disturbance event. During this process, a large amount of energy is released.
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Many scientists claim that intermediate black holes serve as seeds for the growth of supermassive black holes. If true, such observations could help shed light on the lifespan of black holes in our universe.
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