NASA – Jenam 2011 http://jenam2011.org/ Wed, 22 Sep 2021 17:13:32 +0000 en-US hourly 1 https://wordpress.org/?v=5.8 https://jenam2011.org/wp-content/uploads/2021/05/cropped-icon-32x32.png NASA – Jenam 2011 http://jenam2011.org/ 32 32 NASA and FAA invite media to briefing on air traffic control updates https://jenam2011.org/nasa-and-faa-invite-media-to-briefing-on-air-traffic-control-updates/ https://jenam2011.org/nasa-and-faa-invite-media-to-briefing-on-air-traffic-control-updates/#respond Wed, 22 Sep 2021 14:50:00 +0000 https://jenam2011.org/nasa-and-faa-invite-media-to-briefing-on-air-traffic-control-updates/

WASHINGTON, September 22, 2021 / PRNewswire / – NASA and the Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) will hold a virtual media briefing on Tuesday, September 28 at 1:00 p.m. EDT to discuss efforts to improve aviation sustainability through the demonstration of more efficient airport operations, contributing to the efforts of the Biden-Harris administration to combat climate change.

Panelists will include the NASA administrator Bill Nelson and FAA administrator Stephen dickson, as well as several representatives of leading airports and airlines.

To receive the Zoom registration link, media must confirm attendance by emailing their name, affiliation and phone number to JD Harrington at: [email protected] through 11:00, two hours before the start of the event.

Over the past five years, NASA’s Airspace Technology Demonstration 2 (ATD-2) project, which is ending Thursday September 30, has demonstrated many benefits using the new Integrated Arrival, Departure and Surface (IADS) technology at both Charlotte Douglas International Airport and Dallas Fort Worth International airport. The agency transferred the technology and knowledge from these demonstrations to the FAA for national implementation.

The ATD-2 IADS system improves the predictability and efficiency of surface operations at the country’s busiest airports through time-based departure measurement, departure planning tools in busy air traffic flows and better sharing of information on flight operations between the various stakeholders at the airport.

For more information on NASA’s aeronautical research, visit:

https://www.nasa.gov/aeroresearch

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On the Fast Track to a Career in STEM – Meet JPL Interns https://jenam2011.org/on-the-fast-track-to-a-career-in-stem-meet-jpl-interns/ https://jenam2011.org/on-the-fast-track-to-a-career-in-stem-meet-jpl-interns/#respond Tue, 21 Sep 2021 23:06:12 +0000 https://jenam2011.org/on-the-fast-track-to-a-career-in-stem-meet-jpl-interns/

A 19-year-old master student and JPL intern, Natalie Deo is aiming for a career at the Laboratory, and she wants to prove that it’s never too early to pursue her dreams.


To hear Natalie Deo explain why she wanted to drop out of high school at age 14 and go straight into higher education is to hear it from the perspective of a precocious teenage girl wise beyond her years – and of his peers.

“I was walking through the first period in high school and saw a couple kissing and I was like, ‘I’m getting out of here. I don’t want to see this, ”said Deo, now 19 and a summer intern at NASA’s Jet Propulsion Laboratory, unmoved.

Not that she hadn’t thought about speeding up her exit from high school before then, of course. Deo, who grew up in Downey, Calif., Was already familiar with the highly Selective Early Entry Program, or EEP, at Cal State University, Los Angeles, which puts gifted students on a fast-track path to admission to the college, and she had taken ACT while in eighth grade. After completing the ninth grade, she was one of a handful of high school students selected to begin her undergraduate studies in electrical engineering at Cal State LA.

“I was tired of being around people who weren’t so motivated. People would beg me to do their homework or try to pay me to write their essays, ”she says. “While that wasn’t the case with all of my peers and some even really supported me, it was cool to go to college and be surrounded by more like-minded people.”

Today, Deo is pursuing his Masters in Astronautical Engineering at USC while interning at JPL with the Europa Clipper spacecraft development team. These days, you could say that Deo is surrounded by like-minded people all the time.

“USC is close to my home and JPL, and JPL has been my dream since I knew I wanted to work in space,” Deo says.

Deo during his graduation ceremony at California State University, Los Angeles. Image courtesy of Natalie Deo | + View larger

The early years

Deo first realized she “really, really loved space” at age 13 after winning a telescope in a raffle at the Columbia Memorial Space Center in Downey, and found herself staring at the Moon every night. Soon after, she began volunteering at the space center every weekend, helping to organize field trips and robotics labs for young visiting students (which she still does to this day). .

Meanwhile, Deo was introduced to a STEM engineering class in college while in seventh grade.

“My teacher contacted me and said, ‘You might like it’ and I thought, ‘Well, that’s either it or a band,’ she said.

Deo tried the course, which introduced basic engineering concepts in the first year around design, modeling, and the engineering process. The second year focused on automation and robotics and put the skills of the students to the test in regional competitions.

“Before I knew it, I spent every day after school working in robotics,” she says.

By the time she enters high school, nothing fascinates her anymore.

“High school was pretty easy for me and what we were learning didn’t intrigue me as much as engineering,” Deo says.

Once Deo decided to officially enter PSE, she had to attend a rigorous summer academy where students are assessed by college admissions staff to see if they are doing well at the college level. In the Cal State LA program, approximately 500 to 1,000 students apply each year and only approximately 20 to 30 students are admitted.

Deo was traveling with his mother and grandmother when she received the call to accept.

“I was screaming and my mom had to stop because she was screaming,” Deo says. “My brother and my father were at home, I called them and they were screaming on the phone. There was a lot of screaming. “

Thinking back to her time at the Summer Academy, Deo marvels at the odds she overcame to be admitted.

“I didn’t realize it that summer, but I wasn’t like most of the students there whose parents had PhDs and were established in their fields,” she says. “I had parents who immigrated from Fiji. My mother came [to the U.S.] at 8 and my dad arrived at 22 without a college education. I grew up in a poor neighborhood compared to a lot of these students, and I didn’t have the resources to prepare for college that a lot of other students did. I also have type 1 diabetes. It was special for me [to be accepted into the program] because this girl was facing adversities of all kinds – and she succeeded. “

While the decision to quit high school was an easy one, arriving at college left Deo struggling with impostor syndrome.

“The first year, I just took general education courses with my cohort [of EEPs] that help you make the transition, and I just had fun with them, ”Deo says. “Then it started. I had no idea how college worked – my brother was still in his last year of high school at the time. I saw all these people that were so smart and came from very well-off backgrounds and were into literature and stuff like that. I never really liked it. People just knew things that I didn’t know and I was like, “Do I know this? Do I belong here? ‘ “

Deo credits therapy, talking to friends, and reaching out to family as ways for her to overcome these difficult first months. She also stayed in touch with her childhood friends and had the high school experience while studying.

“I’ve always been to prom, soccer games and hanging out with my friends all the time,” she says. “I was able to have the best of both worlds. “

JPL internship, mentoring and beyond

Deo leans against the base of a statue of USC's Trojan mascot.

Deo poses for a photo on the USC campus, where she is pursuing her Masters in Astronautical Engineering. Image courtesy of Natalie Deo | + View larger

At JPL, rumors of a 19-year-old summer intern completing her masters did not faze Deo at all.

“I threw a trainee party the other week, and everyone was like, ‘Are you the one that’s 19 and in college?’ And I’m like, “Yeah, it’s me, but I’m also Natalie and I have a Lego collection,” she laughs.

Deo’s internship responsibilities extend beyond his years, of course. So far this summer, she has been working on validating and verifying commands sent to Europa Clipper’s computer system, ensuring that the spacecraft’s instruments respond correctly to commands.

Although she admits that she still struggles with impostor syndrome at work, she becomes more and more comfortable as the months go by and she gets closer to her fellow interns.

“The female to male ratio is much higher here than in my previous internships,” she says. “I see myself more in the people around me, and it helps me to be able to interact with other interns and have them as a support group. I hang out with them every weekend and have made lifelong friends already.

Deo is also part of JPL’s Employee Resource Group Mentorship Program, or ERG, which has paired her with a secondary mentor – a mentor who supports a mentee outside of the mentorship provided by their manager – through the JPL Women’s Advisory Council, or ACW.

“This type of mentoring is based on professional and academic advice, and to help interns develop their soft skills,” says Alona Dontsova, spearhead of the human resources program at JPL. “If the manager is focused on developing technical skills and managing projects, ERG mentors help with networking, review their resumes, listen to their arguments, or give them more professional development advice. The ERG mentor is also more focused on teaching interns about the JPL culture.

Deo’s secondary mentor, Lynn Boyden, is “very happy that the planets have aligned this way” to be paired up, and strongly believes that mentoring is a two-way street.

“Learning goes both ways… and one of the ways we do it is to share knowledge across these divisions,” she says. “Sometimes there are situations that are beyond an intern’s ability to navigate institutional practices, and this is where having a mentor with more in-depth experience in the business world can come in handy. In addition, one of the main functions of an internship is to help an intern build a professional network, and having another designated person at JPL can only help them expand that network.

For her part, Deo is thrilled to have someone she can be candid with.

“I can have conversations on JPL that might be intimidating to ask my group supervisor,” she says. “Like, ‘How can I say please hire me without saying please hire me?’

Deo isn’t afraid of her next goals, including being hired as part of JPL’s part-time college program while she completes her masters. And although the virtual internship experience was a challenge for her, “I really like the hands-on work,” she says. Deo felt the rewards of his internship and mentorship every day.

“Honestly, everything has been rewarding: the people, the experiences and everything I’ve learned,” she says. “I am driven by passion and I do what I love, and I do what I love.”


The lab’s STEM internship and fellowship programs are managed by the JPL Education Office. Expanding the reach of the NASA Office of STEM Engagement, JPL Education seeks to create the next generation of scientists, engineers, technologists and space explorers by supporting educators and bringing the excitement of missions and science from NASA to learners of all ages.

Career opportunities in STEM and beyond can be found online at jpl.jobs. Learn more about careers and life at JPL on LinkedIn and by following @nasajplcareers on Instagram.

TAGS: Internships, Students, Europa Clipper, Europa, Engineering, Intern, Higher education

  • Celeste Hoang


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NASA study shows woman admits sexual experience with dolphin https://jenam2011.org/nasa-study-shows-woman-admits-sexual-experience-with-dolphin/ https://jenam2011.org/nasa-study-shows-woman-admits-sexual-experience-with-dolphin/#respond Tue, 21 Sep 2021 10:06:38 +0000 https://jenam2011.org/nasa-study-shows-woman-admits-sexual-experience-with-dolphin/

A woman took part in a very bizarre NASA-funded experiment that involved dolphins, and these adorable sea animals are said to have become so close to her that they even attempted to have sex with her. Although published some time ago, the story has gone viral lately.

You can see his interview below:

According to an old source from Mirror.co.uk, Margaret Howe Lovatt has always had a love for animals since she was a little girl.

Her earliest memory begins with a book about a talking cat given to her by her mother as a child that sparked a lifelong fascination with animals and the way they communicate.

It also led Margaret to be part of the NASA-funded experiment in the 1960s. She spent long periods with dolphins and made a strong connection with them, reports Ladbible.

When interviewed by the BBC, Margaret mentioned a dolphin named Peter, who used to rub against her knees, hands and feet in a sexual manner.

She said: “It was sexual of her – it wasn’t sexual of mine, sensual maybe.” Margaret was 20 when her brother-in-law told her about this program over Christmas 1963.

Her brother-in-law said there was a “secret island” that was used to work with dolphins. Margaret went to the lab to find out what was going on and met with the lab director, Gregory Bateson.

Bateson let Margaret observe dolphins (although she had no scientific background) and write her theories and it was there that he knew she was talented as she was able to spot animal behavior, which ultimately resulted in secured its place in the study funded by NASA.

Margaret spent time with three dolphins named Peter, Pamela and Sissy who participated in the study. “Pamela was very shy and fearful. And Peter was a young man. He was becoming sexually major and a little mean ”, Lovatt says.

“Peter liked to be… with me, “ she said. It was rubbing on my knee, foot or hand and I allowed it.

“I wasn’t uncomfortable – as long as it wasn’t too hard. It was just easier to integrate that and let it go, it was very precious and very sweet, Peter was there, he knew I was there.

She continued: “It was sexual of her – it wasn’t sexual of mine, sensual maybe.” It would just become part of what was going on like an itch, just get rid of that, we will stripe and we would be done and move on.

“I was there to get to know Peter, it was part of Peter.”

The study was set up by American neurologist Dr John Lilly, who hoped the experiment would teach dolphins how to communicate with humans by making human sounds through their tiny vents. given LSD.

Image: Unsplash

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NASA Astronaut: Inspiration4 ‘not just a space mission. It is an earthly mission ‘ https://jenam2011.org/nasa-astronaut-inspiration4-not-just-a-space-mission-it-is-an-earthly-mission/ https://jenam2011.org/nasa-astronaut-inspiration4-not-just-a-space-mission-it-is-an-earthly-mission/#respond Mon, 20 Sep 2021 22:43:28 +0000 https://jenam2011.org/nasa-astronaut-inspiration4-not-just-a-space-mission-it-is-an-earthly-mission/

Former NASA astronaut Cady Coleman discusses what Inspiration4 could mean for the future of space travel.

The Marvelous: Stories from the Space Station / Brigade Commercial

Billionaires Jeff Bezos and Richard Branson have already traveled to and from the edge of space this year, but last week the term “amateur astronaut” officially took on new meaning. Four “everyday people” returned on Saturday from a three-day mission in Earth orbit, safe and sound.

The crew consisted of a medical assistant, a businessman, a data engineer and a geology professor. That’s right. There were no professional astronauts aboard the SpaceX spacecraft, which hovered 357 miles (575 kilometers) above our planet – higher than the International Space Station.

And while the sight of civilians was magnificent, the jaw-dropping photos they took from their 360-degree dome could represent more than a future filled with space travel. They capture four people who symbolize this vision in a way that Bezos and Branson… well, can’t.

“There is more than one road to space, there is more than one road to exploration – and one of those roads is for you,” former NASA astronaut Cady Coleman tells me. on Zoom, highlighting the message that the Inspiration4 mission gives off.

Jared Isaacman, the billionaire who funded the mission, deliberately chose three other civilian astronauts who each represent something powerful.

Military medic Hayley Arceneaux is a cancer survivor and, at 29, the youngest American to visit space. Engineer Christopher Sembroski is a veteran of the US Air Force, and Sian Proctor, a professor at a community college in Tempe, Ariz., Is the fourth African-American woman to live among the stars.

“It kills me to say she’s the fourth,” said Coleman, who has traveled to the ISS three times in his career. “The fact that that number could be four, not 40 or 400.”

inspiration4crew

The Inspiration4 team from left to right: Chris Sembroski, Sian Proctor, Jared Isaacman and Hayley Arceneaux.

Inspiration4

Thankfully, SpaceX launched just in time for the release of a new documentary starring Coleman, The Wonderful: Stories from the Space Station. It is available to watch on streaming services including Amazon Prime Video and iTunes.

The Pioneering Mission, the intimate film, and Coleman herself offer a special reminder.

Space belongs to all of us.

Maybe it could be me ‘

Dressed in her iconic blue NASA uniform and sitting on a couch in front of a pretty beige painting, Coleman is brimming with empathy, thoughtfulness and nostalgia as she talks about her own experience as an astronaut and the current situation of space exploration.

The 60-year-old veteran astronaut vividly remembers the first time it even occurred to him that she could visit space.

It was when Sally Ride, the first American woman in space, came to speak at her college, the Massachusetts Institute of Technology. Ride’s impact was so strong that she might as well have spoken directly to Coleman.

“I remember the auditorium seat I was sitting in,” Coleman said. “But most of all, I remember what it was like to watch her, to listen to her talk, and to realize that it was important that she be a scientist, well trained, and who seemed to be continually curious.

“I was just like, ‘Wow, maybe it could be me.'”

Sure enough, Coleman graduated in chemistry from MIT, joined the Air Force Reserve Officer Training Corps, and earned a doctorate. in Polymer Science and Engineering from the University of Massachusetts-Amherst.

In 1992, NASA selected her to join the agency.

Notably, one of her three missions to the ISS required her to live there for six months, longer than all of Ride’s missions combined.

Today, universal interest in space travel is intensifying alongside the sudden sequence of non-traditional astronauts launching into orbit. But we could stop to examine who is offering the person sitting in Coleman’s auditorium seat the same “aha” moment that Ride delivered.

While Bezos and Branson have demonstrated that private organizations can, in fact, get to space, they’re both billionaires, they’re both men, and neither is a minority.

Inspiration4 crew members tell a different story.

“When you think of the billions of people here on Earth, each of them might find something that makes them think, ‘I see myself in them – just these four,'” said Coleman.

Space exploration and equal representation

“Whether a young girl or a minority can see themselves in space is really important to me,” said Coleman, speaking as a woman who says she underwent a scrutiny of herself during her training. to become an astronaut. A common question was, “Did you even mind leaving your family on Earth?” “

“Of course I did,” she said. “And at the same time, it’s actually a huge disservice to our astronauts who care as well.”

Laughing affectionately at the way her son sometimes called her while she was training in Russia and asked age-old questions such as, “Mum, my black jeans, where are they?” Coleman points out that being a mother did not encompass all of her identity, unlike what the public subtly fed on female astronauts.

In the 2000s, for example, she was asked to check out a movie on the ISS, a movie with a cast list that lacked women or minorities.

“For me it was like an emergency,” Coleman said. “In the year 2000 we’re going to have a movie about what it’s like to live in space and in the cast, there’s not a single person who isn’t white.”

“What about the 9-year-old who’s sitting at home watching this, thinking how cool it is – but inside there’s a little message saying, ‘By the way , it’s probably not you, ”she remarked. In 2013, on the other hand, Coleman coached Oscar-winning actress Sandra Bullock to help her play the lead role of an astronaut in Alfonso Cuarón’s sci-fi film Gravity.

Or, take space suit sizes. At one point, Coleman explained, NASA did not have enough resources to manufacture all sizes, so they eliminated the small and very large sizes. Later, they restocked extra large suits – but not small ones. “He left out, in fact, eight women in their twenties who, on paper, wouldn’t fit in that spacesuit,” Coleman said. She was one of them.

The characteristic bulky white suits are necessary to keep the astronauts alive outside the ISS, which means these women have been preemptively excluded from the pool of candidates for the spacewalk.

Calling The Wonderful an exquisite film due to its inclusion of international astronauts, male and female, Coleman suggests that Inspiration4 also delves into vital representations of diversity.

A next step for space travel, she says, is to “find a way to help the people who design and build spacesuits for the future understand that people like me bring a lot to space walking. space”.

I interpreted his use of space suits in the broadest and most metaphorical way.

Because commercial space travel has only just begun, humanity has the opportunity to achieve its shades of equal representation.

Today, Arceneaux, back from space, is the first person in history to go there with a prosthesis. During training, she texted her orthopedic surgeon to tell him that it turns out that the prosthesis of her femur can withstand extreme force, as evidenced by the fact that she is flying a fighter plane.

Earth is our vessel. Space is our home

In April 2019, Coleman gave a Ted Talk: “What It’s Like Living on the International Space Station.” It ended with the sentence: “Earth is our ship. Space is our home.”

I get chills every time I think about it.

As humans, we tend to reject the idea of ​​space. It’s hard to understand a place that is measured on scales of billions and billions of billions and lives by physics that we restrict to our textbooks – especially without asking some existential questions.

But like it or not, space is our home.

Married to artist Josh Simpson, who makes glass art inspired by space and planets, Coleman smiles as he remembers that while she was in space, she wished he was there. to look at the Earth through its lens. That way he could recreate it.

josh-cady

Former NASA astronaut Cady Coleman and her husband Josh Simpson.

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“When I look at my camera, I’m like ‘Wow, it just doesn’t capture what it feels like to see this sunset,'” she said. “It’s kind of the same when you look at Earth… on that curved edge. There are so many colors of blue – I can’t describe it.”

Watched dozens of YouTube videos, trying to figure out What the difference is. What does the Earth really look like seen from space without any particles blocking our vision, in a vacuum and against a background of nothingness?

I must know.

But my inability to truly understand – and the difficulty for astronauts to explain the greatness of Earth from above – highlights another kind of representation that space travel could benefit from: the diversity of thought. Artists, for example, have perspectives that scientists lack.

“Something critical to our planet – especially right now – is empowering problem solvers of the future,” Coleman said.

Inspiration4 is on the right track for that too, in a way. Isaacman devoted much of the mission’s publicity to raising funds for the St. Jude Children’s Research Hospital, where Arceneaux was a patient and now works as a medical assistant.

“It’s not just a space mission. It’s a land mission,” Coleman said. “It’s a charitable mission, it’s a mission for children, and it’s a mission for more people to go to space.”

“More ripples will occur from the events they triggered.”

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5 students can get a free trip to NASA with this scholarship! https://jenam2011.org/5-students-can-get-a-free-trip-to-nasa-with-this-scholarship/ https://jenam2011.org/5-students-can-get-a-free-trip-to-nasa-with-this-scholarship/#respond Mon, 20 Sep 2021 10:16:06 +0000 https://jenam2011.org/5-students-can-get-a-free-trip-to-nasa-with-this-scholarship/

Aakash National Talent Hunt Exam (ANTHE) 2021, the scholarship program of Aakash Educational Services Limited (AESL), not only offers 100% scholarships to several best exam scores in grades 7 to 12, but also gives five students the chance to get a free trip to NASA with a parent.

What else will the students have?

In addition to the tuition scholarship, top scorers will also receive cash rewards.

As an added benefit, qualified ANTHE students will also receive the Meritnation school booster course for free. Meritnation is a subsidiary of AESL.

Schedule and examination mode ANTHE

ANTHE 2021 will be held in online and offline mode from December 4 to 12, 2021 in 24 states and Union Territories nationwide.

A one-hour exam, ANTHE online will take place between 10:00 am and 7:00 pm during all exam days.

The offline exams will take place on December 5 and 12, 2021 in two shifts: 10:30 am 11:30 am and 4:00 pm to 5:00 pm in more than 215 Aakash Institute centers across the country.

The Covid-19 directives of the respective states or Union territories would be strictly followed.

Students can choose a one hour slot that suits them.

ANTHE paper pattern

The ANTHE test carries a total of 90 points and consists of 35 multiple-choice questions based on the grades and aspirations of the students.

For students in grades 7 to 9, the questions will be physics, chemistry, biology, mathematics and mental ability.

For class 10 students aspiring to medical studies, the exam covers physics, chemistry, biology and mental abilities, while for aspiring engineers in the same class it covers physics, chemistry, math and mental skills.

Likewise, for grades 11 and 12, students aiming at NEET will be confronted with questions of physics, chemistry, botany and zoology, and aspiring engineering will be confronted with questions of physics, chemistry and of mathematics.

Details of the ANTHE application

You can apply for ANTHE on the official Aakash website.

The deadline for submitting the registration form for ANTHE 2021 is respectively 3 days and 7 days before the start date of the online and offline exams.

The exam fee is Rs. 99 which can be paid online or directly at an Aakash Institute center near you.

ANTHA 2021 results will be declared on January 2, 2021 for classes 10 to 12, and on January 4, 2021 for classes 7 to 9.

Read: 4 scholarship programs you can apply to before September 30

Read: 4 scholarship and scholarship programs you can apply to in September-November

Read: 5 scholarship and scholarship programs you can apply to in September 2021

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NASA to launch Webb telescope in December https://jenam2011.org/nasa-to-launch-webb-telescope-in-december/ https://jenam2011.org/nasa-to-launch-webb-telescope-in-december/#respond Sun, 19 Sep 2021 23:01:30 +0000 https://jenam2011.org/nasa-to-launch-webb-telescope-in-december/

Marcia Rieke is Regent Professor of Astronomy at the University of Arizona. This story originally appeared on The conversation.

The James Webb Space Telescope is scheduled to go to space on December 18, 2021. With it, astronomers hope to find the first galaxies to form in the universe, search for Earth-like atmospheres around other planets, and achieve many other scientific objectives.

I am an Astronomer and Principal Investigator for the Near Infrared Camera – or NIRCam for short – aboard the Webb Telescope. I participated in the development and testing of my camera and the telescope as a whole.

To see deep into the universe, the telescope has a very large mirror and must be kept extremely cold. But transporting fragile equipment like this into space is no easy task. My colleagues and I had to overcome many challenges to design, test and soon launch and align the most powerful space telescope ever built.

To detect the farthest and oldest galaxies, the telescope must be huge and kept extremely cold. Photo: NASA / Chris Gunn, CC BY

Young galaxies and alien atmospheres

The Webb telescope has a mirror over 20 feet in diameter, a tennis court-sized sunshade to block solar radiation, and four separate camera and sensor systems to collect data.

It works much like a satellite dish. Light from a star or galaxy will enter the telescope’s mouth and bounce off the primary mirror towards the four sensors: NIRCam, which takes near infrared images; the near infrared spectrograph, which can divide light from a selection of sources into their constituent colors and measure the strength of each; the Mid-Infrared instrument, which takes images and measures wavelengths in the mid-infrared; and the near infrared imaging slitless spectrograph, which splits and measures light from anything scientists point at the satellite.

This design will allow scientists to study how stars form in the Milky Way and the atmospheres of planets outside the solar system. It may even be possible to understand the composition of these atmospheres.

A complicated, gold-plated hexagonal instrument resting on four silver feet.
The NIRCam, seen here, will measure infrared light coming from extremely distant and ancient galaxies. Photo: NASA / Chris Gunn, CC BY

Ever since Edwin Hubble proved that distant galaxies are like the Milky Way, astronomers have been asking: How old are the oldest galaxies? How were they first formed? And how have they changed over time? The Webb Telescope was originally nicknamed the “First Light Machine” because it is designed to answer these same questions.

One of the main purposes of the telescope is to study distant galaxies near the edge of the observable universe. It takes billions of years for the light from these galaxies to travel through the universe and reach Earth. I estimate that the images my colleagues and I will be collecting with NIRCam could show protogalaxies that formed barely 300 million years after the Big Bang, when they were only 2% of their current age.

Finding the first clusters of stars that formed after the Big Bang is a difficult task for a simple reason: these protogalaxies are very far apart and therefore appear to be very weak.

Webb’s mirror is made up of 18 separate segments and can collect more than six times as much light as the Hubble Space Telescope’s mirror. Distant objects also appear to be very small, so the telescope must be able to focus light as closely as possible.

The telescope also faces another complication: since the universe is expanding, the galaxies scientists will study with the Webb telescope move away from Earth, and the Doppler effect kicks in. Just like the siren d As an ambulance shrinks and gets deeper as it passes and begins to move away from you, the wavelength of light from distant galaxies changes from visible light to infrared light.

A gold mirror with several layers of silver material spread out underneath.
The five layers of silver material under the gold mirror is a lens hood that will reflect light and heat to keep the sensors insanely cool. Photo: NASA / Chris Gunn, CC BY

Webb detects infrared light – it’s basically a giant thermal telescope. To “see” weak galaxies in infrared light, the telescope must be unusually cold, otherwise all it would see would be its own infrared radiation. This is where the heat shield comes in. The shield is made of a thin plastic covered with aluminum. It is five layers thick and measures 46.5 feet (17.2 meters) by 69.5 feet (21.2 meters) and will keep the mirror and sensors at minus 390 degrees Fahrenheit (minus 234 Celsius).

The Webb telescope is an incredible feat of engineering, but how do you get such a thing safely into space and guarantee that it will work?

The assembled telescope came out of a large chamber.
Engineers and scientists tested the entire telescope in an extremely cold low-pressure cryogenic vacuum chamber. Photo: NASA / Chris Gunn, CC BY

Test and repeat

The James Webb Space Telescope will orbit a million kilometers from Earth, about 4,500 times farther than the International Space Station and far too far away to be served by astronauts.

Over the past 12 years, the team has tested the telescope and instruments, rocked them to simulate the rocket launch, and tested them again. Everything has been cooled and tested under the extreme operating conditions of the orbit. I will never forget the time my team was in Houston to test the NIRCam using a chamber designed for the Apollo lunar rover. It was the first time my camera detected light bouncing off the telescope’s mirror, and we couldn’t have been happier, even though Hurricane Harvey was battling us outside.

People sitting at desks using computers.
Rehearsals and training at the Space Telescope Science Institute are essential to ensure that the assembly process runs smoothly and that any unexpected anomalies can be addressed. Photo: NASA / STScI, CC BY

After the tests came the rehearsals. The telescope will be controlled remotely by commands sent over a radio link. But because the telescope will be so far away (it takes six seconds for a signal to go one way), there is no real-time control. So for the past three years my team and I have been to the Space Telescope Science Institute in Baltimore and performed rehearsal missions on a simulator covering everything from launch to routine science operations. The team has even practiced handling the potential problems that the test organizers throw at us and nicely call “anomalies”.

A large rectangular package of silver materials, gold mirrors and a metal frame.
To fit inside a rocket, the telescope must fold up into a compact housing. Photo: NASA / Chris Gunn, CC BY

Some alignment required

The Webb team will continue to rehearse and practice until the launch date in December, but our job is far from over once Webb is folded up and loaded into the rocket.

We have to wait 35 days after launch for parts to cool before starting alignment. After the mirror is deployed, NIRCam captures high-resolution image sequences of individual mirror segments. The telescope team will analyze the images and have the motors adjust the segments in steps measured in billionths of a meter. Once the motors have put the mirrors in place, we will confirm that the telescope alignment is perfect. This task is so critical that there are two identical copies of NIRCam on board – if one fails, the other can take over the alignment job.

This alignment and verification process is expected to take six months. When complete, Webb will begin collecting data. After 20 years of work, astronomers will finally have a telescope capable of scanning the most distant and far reaches of the universe.

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NASA confirms Mars region has seen thousands of ancient volcanic eruptions https://jenam2011.org/nasa-confirms-mars-region-has-seen-thousands-of-ancient-volcanic-eruptions/ https://jenam2011.org/nasa-confirms-mars-region-has-seen-thousands-of-ancient-volcanic-eruptions/#respond Sun, 19 Sep 2021 02:16:08 +0000 https://jenam2011.org/nasa-confirms-mars-region-has-seen-thousands-of-ancient-volcanic-eruptions/

NASA scientists have found evidence that thousands of massive ancient volcanoes erupted on Mars.

The so-called “super eruptions” occurred in a region of northern Mars called Arabia Terra over a period of 500 million years dating back to about 4 billion years.

NASA’S PERSEVERANCE ROVER TEAM DRILLS FIRST SAMPLE OF MARTIAN ROCK

Researchers who studied the topography and mineral composition of the area made the discovery, and the news was published in an article in the journal Geophysical Research Letters in July 2021.

“Each of these eruptions would have had a significant climate impact – perhaps the gas released made the atmosphere thicker or blocked the sun and made the atmosphere cooler,” Patrick Whelley, geologist at Goddard Space Flight Center from NASA which led the Arabia Terra analysis. , said in a statement. “Martian climate modelers will have work to do in trying to understand the impact of volcanoes.”

Seven calderas – giant holes created at volcanic eruption sites – were the “first gifts”.

Calderas were initially thought to be depressions caused by asteroid impacts, but scientists noticed in 2013 that they showed signs of collapsing and were not perfectly round.

“We read this article and were interested in the follow-up, but instead of looking for the volcanoes themselves, we looked for the ash because you can’t hide this evidence,” Whelley said.

NASA SEISMOLOGISTS IMAGE INSIDE ANOTHER PLANET FOR THE FIRST TIME

Working with Alexandra Matiella Novak, a volcanologist at the Johns Hopkins Applied Physics Lab, the team looked at surface minerals and extracted previous work that had calculated where ash from possible super eruptions would have fallen.

Using images from the Mars Reconnaissance Orbiter Compact Imaging Reconnaissance Spectrometer, they studied the walls of canyons and craters hundreds or even thousands of kilometers from calderas, identifying volcanic minerals turned into clay by water. .

They made three-dimensional topographic maps of Arabia Terra and compared the mineral data to the maps to see that the ash layers were well preserved.

NASA will use calculations of how much material would have exploded from volcanoes based on the volume of each caldera to determine the number of eruptions.

The question of how a planet could have a single type of volcano in a region remains.

“It is possible that super-eruptive volcanoes were concentrated in regions of the Earth but were physically and chemically eroded or moved around the world as continents moved due to plate tectonics,” indicates the statement from NASA. “These types of explosive volcanoes could also exist in regions of Jupiter’s moon or could have been clustered on Venus.”

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Amazing NASA photo shows what happens when a black hole eats a nearby star https://jenam2011.org/amazing-nasa-photo-shows-what-happens-when-a-black-hole-eats-a-nearby-star/ https://jenam2011.org/amazing-nasa-photo-shows-what-happens-when-a-black-hole-eats-a-nearby-star/#respond Sat, 18 Sep 2021 18:31:29 +0000 https://jenam2011.org/amazing-nasa-photo-shows-what-happens-when-a-black-hole-eats-a-nearby-star/

Have you ever wondered what star feasting black holes look like? Don’t worry, we’ve got you covered. In a new version from NASA, scientists reveal what the brilliant cosmic process would look like.

The black hole research was undertaken by Sixiang Wen of the Steward Observatory at the University of Arizona.

NASA / Caltech

How was the cosmic event captured?

The researchers used the x-rays released by the event to record measurements of the black hole’s mass and its rotation.

The event in which a black hole engulfs a star is known as the “tidal disturbance event”, and this is officially known as “J2150”.

When a star is killed by a black hole, an intense amount of radiation is released. According to Phys.org, this radiation is sometimes able to surpass the combined light emanating from each star residing in the black hole’s host galaxy for years, depending on the size of the event..

A black hole eats a star
NASA Goddard Space Flight Center / Chris Smith

Read also : Scientists prove Stephen Hawking’s prediction of black hole characteristics 47 years later

The black hole that devoured the star is elusive (classified as an “intermediate-mass black hole), as its estimates have been difficult by scientists. But this event has helped scientists observe its properties. Using complex theoretical models and by analyzing the x -ray data, the scientists found that an unlucky star had indeed fallen into the mouth of this black hole.

The black hole in question is 10,000 times the mass of our central star, the Sun.

Why is this a big deal?

While observing tidal disturbance events is relatively common for supermassive black holes, it is not so easy for intermediate black holes. In fact, there is very little or no data on the ability of an intermediate black hole to eat a star, that is, to cause a tidal disturbance eruption.

Whenever a star gets too close to a black hole, it is torn apart in a gas trail by gravitational forces, causing a tidal disturbance event. During this process, a large amount of energy is released.

A black hole eats a star
Nasa

Read also : Astronomers discover new type of supernova formed by black hole eating star from within

Many scientists claim that intermediate black holes serve as seeds for the growth of supermassive black holes. If true, such observations could help shed light on the lifespan of black holes in our universe.

Did you enjoy reading this fascinating story of the food chain of the universe? We have more where it came from. Don’t miss the latest stories from the world of science and technology – only on Indiatimes.com.

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Lee County Libraries to Be Part of Nasa @ My Library Program | Archives https://jenam2011.org/lee-county-libraries-to-be-part-of-nasa-my-library-program-archives/ https://jenam2011.org/lee-county-libraries-to-be-part-of-nasa-my-library-program-archives/#respond Sat, 18 Sep 2021 05:30:00 +0000 https://jenam2011.org/lee-county-libraries-to-be-part-of-nasa-my-library-program-archives/

Lee County Libraries were selected through a competitive application process to be part of NASA @ My Library, an education initiative created to increase and enhance STEAM (science, technology, engineering) learning opportunities. , arts and math) for library users across the country, including geographies and populations currently under-represented in STEAM education.

“Lee County Libraries is one of 60 libraries across the country to be part of this initiative, and we are delighted to have been selected,” said Beth List, director of library services. “We look forward to introducing STEAM concepts to our youngest clients and exploring the universe with people of all ages during our public programs in 2021 and 2022.”

As a NASA @ My Library partner, Lee County Libraries will host public programs that explore NASA science and technology, particularly around the launch of NASA’s latest Next Generation Telescope (Fall 2021), first images from the telescope (spring 2022) and as part of the Collaborative Summer Library Program (summer 2022). More information, including a schedule, will be available in the coming months at library.leecountync.gov

As part of this initiative, Lee County Libraries will receive training and resources to implement NASA events and programming, access to a University Subject Matter Expert (SME) to support engagement clients and $ 1,600 for programming expenses.

These resources, along with support from the NASA @ My Library team, will enable Lee County Libraries to run excellent NASA STEAM activities and programs. NASA @ My Library will create fascinating learning experiences for the Lee County library community and share the history, science and adventure of NASA’s scientific explorations on planet Earth, our solar system and the universe beyond.

For more information on NASA @ My Library, call Lee County Libraries at (919) 718-4665 or email library@leecountync.gov; Media questions can be directed to Hailey Hall with the Lee County Government at (919) 718-4605 ext. 5521 or hhall@leecountync.gov.

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Vandenberg: ULA rocket, NASA satellite launch still delayed https://jenam2011.org/vandenberg-ula-rocket-nasa-satellite-launch-still-delayed/ https://jenam2011.org/vandenberg-ula-rocket-nasa-satellite-launch-still-delayed/#respond Fri, 17 Sep 2021 17:53:22 +0000 https://jenam2011.org/vandenberg-ula-rocket-nasa-satellite-launch-still-delayed/

The launch of the Atlas V rocket and its Landsat 9 spacecraft from Vandenberg Space Force Base will now not take place until September 27, according to NASA.

The latest four-day delay will also result in new dates for the assortment of community activities planned in conjunction with the historic launch.

On Wednesday, NASA said the space agency and United Launch Alliance were reviewing the launch date after the team experienced delays in completing pre-takeoff tasks.

“Attachment of the spacecraft to the Atlas V rocket has been delayed due to high winds out of tolerance for the operation and conflicts with other customers using the Western Range,” NASA said.

Located near Lompoc, Vandenberg has a busy weekend with a missile defense test launch on Sunday morning and a Falcon 9 rocket launch on Monday evening.

Previously, the Atlas mission slipped by a week, from September 16 to September 23 at the earliest, after supply chain issues caused the liquid nitrogen needed for launch to be unavailable.

“The current pandemic medical liquid oxygen demands have impacted the delivery of the necessary liquid nitrogen supply to Vandenberg by the Defense Logistics Agency (DLA) and its supplier Airgas,” NASA said in late August.

After overcoming that challenge, the team successfully conducted a wet dress rehearsal, counting down and fueling the rocket but without turning on the engine or taking off, earlier this month.

Landsat 9 is a joint mission of NASA and the US Geological Survey that continues the legacy of monitoring the Earth’s terrestrial and coastal regions.

The first Landsat was launched in 1972 and was followed by its sister satellites, all from Vandenberg.

Santa Barbara County isn’t just the launch site for Landsat. Northrop Grumman in Goleta designed and built the Landsat 9 solar panel.

To mark the 50th anniversary, a launch event, the Landsat in Lompoc GeoTour, is scheduled from 8 a.m. to 10 a.m. Sunday at the Dick DeWees Community & Senior Center, 1120 W. Ocean Ave. Registration is free and available at explorelompoc.com/ géocaching.

The “Earth as Art” exhibit can be viewed in the Grossman Gallery of the Lompoc Library, 501 E. North Ave., 10 am to 5 pm September 23-30.

A Landsat Week proclamation and mural dedication are scheduled for September 26 at 2 p.m. near the corner of Ocean Avenue and I Street. The mural celebrates the 50th anniversary of the Landsat program.

An observation of the Landsat 9 launch is scheduled from 9 a.m. to noon on September 27 at Lompoc Airport, 1801 North H St.

The full list of activities can be found at landsat.gsfc.nasa.gov.

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