Space exploration – Jenam 2011 Mon, 03 May 2021 07:02:25 +0000 en-US hourly 1 Space exploration – Jenam 2011 32 32 Silk! The space-age drink that remains a global staple Mon, 03 May 2021 01:06:00 +0000

When you think of Tang – if you think of Tang – you probably think of his association with the US space program in the 1960s.

After all, “Tang was chosen for Gemini astronauts”, as a 1966 advertisement for the classic orange drink indicated. Gemini was NASA’s second manned space flight mission upstream of the moon landing.

The drink will always be linked to the golden age of mid-century space exploration, but NASA didn’t actually invent Tang.

Tang debuted in 1957 as a breakfast drink rich in vitamin C. Its selling point was that the powdered mixture was shelf stable and was touted as a healthier and more convenient alternative to fresh orange juice. (And while it can certainly be more convenient than ordering orange juice every morning, the first two items on Tang’s ingredient list are sugar and fructose.)

But General Foods, Tang’s original parent company, had contracts with the military for the production of rations and other food items, like instant coffee. (Fans of “Mad Men” will be delighted to learn that General Foods, later incorporated into Kraft Foods, also owned the Burger Chef brand from 1968 to 1982.)

With these connections and the aforementioned stable storage capacity, Tang’s “just add water”, NASA sent the drink mixes in space with John Glenn on his famous Earth orbit in 1962.

General Foods’ advertising strategy has changed to capitalize on the popularity of all things space, and Tang has now become marketed as the astronaut’s drink of choice, as seen in this Tang ad collection through the decades.

But Tang is not just a relic of the space age. It’s still popular around the world, from South America to Asia, and produced in a number of flavors – including pineapple, mango, lemon, calamansi and its brand new Filipino flavor, Coco Plus Buko Pandan. Tang is also one of the most popular drinks during Ramadan in the Middle East, according to Mondelez International, the food company that now owns the brand.

Not only that, but home cooks around the world have shown their ingenuity by using Tang in dishes that go far beyond a simple breakfast stir.

Whether you’re looking for a blast from the past or looking for something new to experiment with, grab a box of Tang and whip up these fun and slightly retro recipes.

Tang Cream Pie

This nostalgic dessert has graced the tables of many church and community picnic potlucks since the 1960s, and its retro charm endures. The Sweet Flashback is one of those no-bake recipes familiar to anyone who grew up reading recipes from the back of a box.

The formula here is simple: Beat together Tang mixture, cream cheese, condensed milk, and whipped topping until fluffy, then refrigerate in a graham cracker crust. Pour in more whipped topping to take it on top.

Make a Semi-Homemade Creamsicle Pie this summer for a refreshing treat – optional vintage apron.

Tang foamy orange drink

For a Julius orange drink that will take you back to the 80s, trust the guys at Big Gay Ice Cream to treat you to a cool, frothy drink Tang infused milkshake that hits the spot. You’ll be transported to your favorite mall’s food court with just a sip; better to take a hot pretzel for the full effect.

Want to turn this drink into a cocktail? Just mix 2 tablespoons of white rum or orange vodka per serving.

Take away orange chicken

Believe it or not, a Tang reinforced version orange chicken is one of the official recipes promoted by Tang Pakistan. The addition of the fruity drink makes sense for this sauce, reinforcing the sweet and sticky aspects that make the dish a Chinese-American classic.

When you crave those crispy coated bites, you can make the Tang Approved recipe or simply substitute the orange juice in your favorite copy. take away orange chicken recipe with Tang.

Tang Ice Pops

If there’s one technological innovation that improves the lives of families every summer, it’s the humble but life-changing ice cream mold that allows us to create every fruity treat flavor imaginable.

Stir a pitcher of Tang and pour into any style of mold that works for you. Traditional or double stick bomb molds, silicone squeeze molds or push up pop molds will all do the trick.

If you want to add fresh fruit like chopped peaches, sliced ​​strawberries, or whole blueberries to your pops, fill the molds with fruit and then pour in the liquid. For a creamier treat, toss Tang with vanilla or coconut Greek yogurt before pouring.

Tang and Lemon Ice Cream

No ice cream maker? No problem! This recipe for Tang lemon and orange ice cream uses a simplified method called semifreddo, in Italian for “semi-cold”. By making an easy pastry cream without eggs, then partially freezing it, mixing it, and then freezing it again, the ice cream gives a soft, foamy texture.

If you like the flavor of orange sorbet but the consistency of soft cream, this could be your perfect dessert.

Friendship tea

Probably the most well-known Tang recipe, this hot drink is another of those community cookbook staples. It is also often called Russian tea, but it bears little resemblance to the strong tea served with lemon and sugar that was the drink’s original inspiration.

Instead, this sweet citrus tea blend has become an American standard. Proportions vary from recipe to recipe, but standard ingredients include instant tea powder, lemonade powder, Tang, and often cinnamon, cloves, and / or nutmeg for added spice.

Prepare a jar of homemade tea blend to keep in your pantry on cold days.

There is even Tang beer

Magnify Brewing in Fairfield, New Jersey, created a beer brewed with Tang as one of its limited editions in April. Big dough, a sweet and sour style beer, also contains real mango, pineapple and peach in its range of ingredients. The vibrant color and juicy flavor are deceptively reminiscent of tropical orange drinks from the ’80s and’ 90s, making it a grown-up version of an after-school treat.

As these recipes prove, Tang is an ever popular ingredient in kitchens around the world. Even after all these years, Tang remains, to quote another vintage advertisement, “for the astronauts and families of Earth.”

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Fifty Years After Apollo, Space Is About To Transform Our Life On Earth Beyond Recognition | Will hutton Sun, 02 May 2021 16:11:00 +0000

The Apollo 11 space mission captured our imaginations in 1969. And it was painfully evocative to hear the recordings of Michael collins, who passed away last week, explain how looking at Earth from space has brought home how precious our planet is.

Last week also marked three more milestones for the space. A recording $ 8.7 billion has been raised by venture capitalists over the past year to support companies in business opportunities from space; Eutelsat of France joins UK as shareholder of satellite communications company OneWeb; and China launched the first part of its own space station to accommodate three “taikonauts”. We go beyond the wonder of watching Collins’ colleagues Neil Armstrong and Buzz Aldrin walk the moon toward something transformational.

Space is at an inflection point, on the verge of joining electricity, computers and railways as one great all-round technology that will transform economies and societies. To those who dare, whose capitalism and governments have the right chemistry between entrepreneurial zest and the public goal, and who have the sheer chutzpah to see the possibilities, will fall great prizes. Britain could be one of them.

Worried about the impact of nearly 10 billion people in 2050 burning fossil fuels that would raise the Earth’s temperature unbearably? Relax. Space is at your fingertips. By then, the power plant spacecraft in fixed orbit with large solar mirrors will capture the sun’s rays 24/7, transform them into microwaves and transmit them to solar panels on Earth.

Sci-fi romanticism? It’s already within the realm of possibility – and it’s one of the goals of the Chinese space station, with China promising to provide space electricity as soon as 2030. It also informs the thinking behind Elon Musk’s SpaceX. Its reusable rockets can transport material into space to build such power plants at a fraction of current costs.

Musk is the man behind Tesla. The global auto industry has dismissed its view of battery cars as fanciful. Now Tesla is the coolest line of cars out there, including stock market value worth more … than the rest of the automotive industry combined. The introduction of materials into space at a lower cost – satellites, power stations of spacecraft and factories – is one of the technologies which accelerate the opening of the territory. I would support his vision a second time.

Factories? The only way to make a flawless fiber optic cable, print exact copies of body parts such as hearts and lungs, create ultralight metal alloys from materials like magnesium that can be used in our body, and – more fancy – to reproduce an exact mock meat is to do it where there is no gravity. In a generation, there could be space factories manufacturing all of this and more. Back on Earth, we’ll be transported in satellite-guided autonomous vehicles powered by electricity generated by the satellite, eating meat made in space.

China begins construction of laboratory in space - video
China begins construction of laboratory in space – video

GPS navigation systems are already activated by satellite, and this is just the beginning. Spatial imagery is becoming more and more clear and precise; satellite imagery identified the vast concentration camps used by China for its forced “rectification” programs of the Uyghurs. It is also possible from space to see who is fishing and mining illegally; which factories use child labor; what infrastructure is reaching the end of its life; identify which rock formations could contain vital precious metals; anticipate droughts and floods; track the movement of troops and military equipment. Companies proclaim their commitment to the UN Sustainable Development Goals, but do not and cannot fully audit more than a fraction of their global supply chains. The answer is simple: do it from space.

Communications are changing. Air traffic control systems to monitor the whereabouts and guidance of planes and drones will become entirely dependent on satellites. The best solution for universal 5G is the inclusion of constellations of low-earth orbit satellites – like those to be provided later this year by OneWeb, the controversial space company. purchased on receivers last year by the UK government, which owns a gold stake in the company.

It was Dominic Cummings’ finest hour – even though he tried to justify it as a new freedom granted by Brexit. So how is it that France can also buy a stake – to join Japan and, it is expected, Saudi Arabia? But without Cummings’ passionate belief in Britain’s need for a presence in space communications, a reluctant ministry for business, energy and industrial strategy would have killed the initiative.

Next month, the government will release its space strategy. He must be informed by the same daring that drove the OneWeb purchase. Britain is neither China nor the United States, and leaving the EU has reduced the chances of playing with the big boys. But, nevertheless, Britain has strengths. Along with OneWeb are companies specializing in niches – manufacturing nano-satellites and antennas, and monitoring air quality. Leicester and its university is one of the leading centers of space exploration and manufacturing in Europe, alongside Harwell in Oxford, and there are plans to create space innovation sites in Fawley, Aylesbury, the North East and Glasgow.

the Catapult of satellite applications (statement: I am a non-executive director) is doing everything in its power to promote space business activities, seek opportunities and negotiate alliances. He, for example, formed a consortium to promote solar power produced in space and, together with the University of Oxford, created a center to use data collected by satellite not only to inform a green finance initiative. , but to create the AI ​​for planet Earth. Institute, sort of a fledgling Jenner Institute – not for frontier vaccines, but to promote sustainability.

The public-private framework that has worked so well to turn Britain into an international vaccine manufacturing hub in just 18 months should also apply to space. Britain needs to identify two or three areas in which it aims to be world number one: space-based solar power, Earth observation to mitigate climate change and the manufacture of nanosatellites. Then we have to achieve these goals with muscle and energy. We cannot let this moment pass.

Will Hutton is an Observer columnist

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Japanese astronaut Soichi Noguchi and NASA crew return to Earth in SpaceX capsule Sun, 02 May 2021 09:14:10 +0000

An American SpaceX ship carrying the Japanese Soichi Noguchi and three American astronauts returned to Earth on Sunday after the group’s six-month mission to the International Space Station.

The three Americans are Michael Hopkins, Victor Glover and Shannon Walker, all from the National Aeronautics and Space Administration.

The Crew Dragon capsule splashed at 2:56 a.m. in the Gulf of Mexico off Florida, the first time a US manned craft has reached Earth in darkness since the Apollo 8 mission in 1968.

It was launched in November from NASA’s Kennedy Space Center in Florida as the second manned flight to the ISS by the commercially-built spacecraft.

The four astronauts initially planned to return at the end of April but their departure was postponed due to inclement weather conditions.

The crew then left the capsule one by one and Noguchi was the last to do so.

While the four were aboard the ISS, another SpaceX spacecraft carried 52-year-old Japanese Akihiko Hoshide and three other astronauts to the orbiting lab, simultaneously putting two Japanese astronauts into space for the first time since. 2010.

SpaceX, or Space Exploration Technologies Corp., was founded by Tesla Inc. CEO Elon Musk and developed the Crew Dragon as a successor to NASA’s expensive space shuttle transport system that has been in service. for 30 years until 2011.

Noguchi, a 56-year-old veteran astronaut, became the first person to fly on each of the space shuttles, a Russian Soyuz spacecraft and the Crew Dragon. He was also the first non-American astronaut to board the Crew Dragon.

He made the fourth spacewalk of his career, the highest number for a Japanese astronaut.

During his mission aboard the space station, Noguchi posted around 80 videos on YouTube showing his daily life, meals, experiences and walks in space. A video posted on Sunday, his last day in orbit, showed he was playing Chopin’s Op Etude. 10 n ° 3 on the keyboard.

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SpaceX Capsule Brings Four Astronauts Safely Back to Earth in Night-time Splash Sun, 02 May 2021 08:46:00 +0000

In the first nighttime splashdown for NASA astronauts since 1968, a SpaceX capsule carrying a crew of four – three from the National Aeronautics and Space Administration – landed in the Gulf of Mexico early Sunday. Photo: Bill Ingalls / NASA / EPA / Shutterstock

A SpaceX capsule with four astronauts returning from the International Space Station crashed safely in the Gulf of Mexico early Sunday, NASA’s first night-time return to Earth in decades.

The Crew Dragon Resilience, manufactured by Space Exploration Technologies Corp. Elon Musk, made a “smooth” dive four minutes before 3 a.m. Sunday, and shortly thereafter was transported to a salvage vessel off Panama City, Fla. It marked the end of 168 days in space for the four astronauts, and the end of SpaceX’s first operational round-trip mission.

Late last year, a SpaceX rocket propelled the capsule carrying National Aeronautics and Space Administration astronauts Michael Hopkins, Victor Glover, and Shannon Walker and Soichi Noguchi of the Japan Aerospace Exploration Agency into orbit. The capsule then docked with the ISS.

Sunday’s return to earth was the first nighttime splashdown for NASA astronauts since Apollo 8, which was the first mission to orbit the moon, in 1968.

NASA astronauts, left to right, Shannon Walker, Victor Glover and Mike Hopkins, and Japan Aerospace Exploration Agency astronaut Soichi Noguchi, shortly after returning to Earth.


bill ingalls / NASA / Agence France-Presse / Getty Images

The splashdown was the latest in a series of milestones for SpaceX and NASA, as both fall into what they have described as an “operational cadence.” The partners have now regularly scheduled human shuttles to and from space using the company’s rockets and capsules.

Last month, a SpaceX rocket sent another manned capsule into orbit, where it docked with the ISS. Its crew of four are currently on the space station at the start of their mission there.

In November, SpaceX announced plans to launch seven capsules for NASA, including three cargo variants, over the next 15 months. The next human mission is expected to take place in the fall, sending another team of astronauts on a separate six-month stay on the space station.

Write to Chip Cummins at

Copyright © 2020 Dow Jones & Company, Inc. All rights reserved. 87990cbe856818d5eddac44c7b1cdeb8

Appeared in the May 3, 2021 print edition as “NASA Crew Bring Home SpaceX Safe Capsule.”

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Elon Musk takes power in space with satellites Sun, 02 May 2021 02:47:00 +0000

The commercial rush to establish a territory in space takes place at much lower elevations and in considerably higher quantities. The Federal Communications Commission last week authorized SpaceX to fly 4,400 Starlink satellites about 550 kilometers above Earth, compared to 36,000 kilometers of stationary orbiting satellites.

Amazon has the power to put 3,200 of its Kuiper satellites into orbit just above those of SpaceX, and SpaceX sought approval for a full constellation of 42,000 last year, though that could be ambitious even for Musk. At this rate, there won’t be much orbital space left without a satellite.

Elon Musk and his fellow entrepreneurs go beyond the power of nations to hold them back. AP

The balance of space power has shifted from countries to companies. Euroconsult estimates that 1,250 satellites will be launched each year this decade, 70% of which for commercial purposes. The US Department of Defense has even turned to Musk for its own low-earth orbit missile tracking satellites, giving SpaceX a $ 149 million contract to build four, with more to follow.

Musk offers good value for money as well as entertainment value. After building a reusable rocket, with a stage folding back onto a landing craft after each sortie, SpaceX cut costs. There have now been 114 Falcon 9 launches and you can book one for $ 62 million, which seems like a good deal for a space rocket.

But that leaves SpaceX and other private sector operators in command of orbital space. The sight of exploring outer space and humans living in colonies on Mars is helpful in stoking excitement, but much of the business action takes place at a fraction of the distance.

This includes getaways into the suborbital space, which Virgin Galactic now hopes to offer its first customers next year, and high-speed internet access. Satellites in low Earth orbit can provide faster broadband, with lower latency, than existing services that transmit their signals from further afield.

It could be good for humanity: 70% of households in low-income countries are not reached by fixed broadband, according to the Boston Consulting Group, and internet access can be spotty even in parts of the states -United. But satellite constellations also pose their own problems.

The first is that they can sometimes be seen in the night sky, especially just before dawn and after dusk. This increases the number of UFO sightings and causes difficulties for astronomers as the satellites reflect sunlight back to Earth, leaving streaks in the images. SpaceX has tried to remedy this by putting visors on the satellites and changing their angles, but they cannot be made invisible.

A second is disorder. There is a huge amount of space waste after decades of activity – 930,000 objects larger than one centimeter in diameter are already in orbit, with the potential to damage spacecraft. SpaceX says the Starlink satellites will fall out of orbit and burn out after use, but the sheer volume of new satellites makes the risk of a crash uncomfortably high.

Whatever the dangers, Musk and his fellow entrepreneurs go beyond the power of nations to contain them. Satellite and spectrum licenses are granted by bodies like the FCC and the International Telecommunications Union, but the US government has an interest in SpaceX being successful enough to support its own missions.

It’s no secret that Musk intends to boldly go where no regulator can reach him. Look up into the night sky and you might see that his space conquest plan is working.

Financial Times

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Space tourism – 20 years of creation – is finally ready to be launched Sat, 01 May 2021 21:34:56 +0000

(THE CONVERSATION) For most people, reaching for the stars is nothing more than a dream. On April 28, 2001, Dennis Tito achieved that lifelong goal – but he was not a typical astronaut. Tito, a wealthy businessman, paid $ 20 million for a seat on a Russian Soyuz spacecraft to be the first tourist to visit the International Space Station. Only seven people have followed suit in the next 20 years, but that number is set to double in the next 12 months alone.

NASA has long been reluctant to welcome space tourists, so Russia – in search of sources of cash after the Cold War in the 1990s and 2000s – was the only option available to those looking for this type of space. extreme adventure. However, it seems that the rise of private space companies will make the space experience easier for ordinary people.

From the perspective of a space policy analyst, it is the start of an era where more people can experience space. With companies like SpaceX and Blue Origin hoping to build a future for humanity in space, space tourism is a way to demonstrate both the safety and reliability of space travel to the general public.

The development of space tourism

Space flights like Dennis Tito’s are expensive for a reason. A rocket has to burn a lot of expensive fuel to travel high enough and fast enough to enter Earth orbit.

Another cheaper possibility is a suborbital launch, with the rocket going high enough to reach the edge of space and descend right away. While passengers on a suborbital journey experience weightlessness and incredible views, these launches are more accessible.

The difficulty and cost of either of these options means that traditionally only nation states have been able to explore space. This started to change in the 1990s as a series of entrepreneurs entered the space arena. Three companies led by billionaire CEOs have become the main players: Virgin Galactic, Blue Origin and SpaceX. While none of them have taken private paying customers into the space, all of them plan to do so in the very near future.

British billionaire Richard Branson built his brand not only on business, but also on his love of adventure. By pursuing space tourism, Branson has brought both of these elements. He created Virgin Galactic after purchasing SpaceShipOne – a company that won the Ansari X-Prize by building the first reusable spacecraft. Since then, Virgin Galactic has sought to design, build and fly a larger SpaceShipTwo that can carry up to six passengers in a suborbital flight.

Things were more difficult than expected. While Branson predicted the business would open to tourists in 2009, Virgin Galactic encountered significant obstacles – including the death of a pilot in a crash in 2014. After the crash, engineers found problems important with the design of the vehicle, which required modifications.

Elon Musk and Jeff Bezos, heads of SpaceX and Blue Origin respectively, started their own businesses in the early 2000s. Musk, worried that disaster of some sort would leave Earth uninhabitable, was frustrated by the lack of progress. to make humanity a multi-planetary species. He founded SpaceX in 2002 with the goal of first developing reusable launch technology to reduce the cost of accessing space. Since then, SpaceX has seen success with its Falcon 9 rocket and Dragon spacecraft. SpaceX’s ultimate goal is the human establishment of Mars – sending paying customers into space is an intermediate step. Musk hopes to show that space travel can be done easily, and that tourism could provide a source of income to support the development of the larger Mars-focused Starship system.

Bezos, inspired by the vision of physicist Gerard O’Neill, wants to expand humanity and industry not to Mars, but to space itself. Blue Origin, created in 2004, proceeded slowly and quietly to the development of reusable rockets. Its New Shepard rocket, launched successfully for the first time in 2015, will eventually offer tourists a suborbital journey to the edge of space, similar to that of Virgin Galactic. For Bezos, tThese launches represent an effort to make space travel routine, reliable and accessible to people as a first step in enabling further space exploration.

Future prospects

Now SpaceX is the only option for someone looking to go to space and orbit the Earth. It currently has two tourism launches planned. The first is scheduled for September 2021, funded by billionaire businessman Jared Isaacman. The other trip, scheduled for 2022, is organized by Axiom Space. These trips will be expensive, at $ 55 million for the flight and a stay on the International Space Station. The high cost has led some to warn that space tourism – and private access to space more broadly – could reinforce inequalities between rich and poor.

Blue Origin and Virgin Galactic’s suborbital travel is much more reasonable, with prices ranging between $ 200,000 and $ 250,000. Blue Origin appears to be the closest to allowing paying customers on board, claiming that after a recent launch, crewed missions will take place “soon”. Virgin Galactic continues to test SpaceShipTwo, but no specific schedule has been announced for tourist flights.

While those prices are steep, it’s worth considering that Dennis Tito’s $ 20 million 2001 bill could soon pay for 100 flights on Blue Origin. The experience of observing Earth from space, however, can prove invaluable to a whole new generation of space explorers.

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Harris puts his “personal stamp” on the National Space Council Sat, 01 May 2021 17:37:44 +0000

Updated at 1:55 p.m. EST, with Nelson’s statement.

WASHINGTON – Vice President Kamala Harris will put her “personal mark” on the National Space Council as it tackles existing and new priorities under the Biden administration.

Senior administration officials, speaking on a call with reporters on May 1, confirmed that the administration would retain the National Space Council, an interagency body used to coordinate space policy within the federal government. The vice-president chairs the council by statute.

The White House announced on March 29 that the council, relaunched by the Trump administration in 2017 after a hiatus of nearly a quarter of a century, would continue under the new administration. At the time, however, they provided few details on how it worked.

During the call, officials said they were in the process of hiring a new executive secretary who takes care of the day-to-day operations of the council. The hiring process is “well underway,” said a senior administration official, but did not estimate when this person would be hired.

It is also not known when the first official council meeting will take place. “The vice president will engage stakeholders, engage members of this board throughout the process,” one official said. “And then when we think it’s useful to have the first full meeting, we’ll have the first full meeting.”

The board will be structured similarly to previous administrations and will also retain the User Advisory Group created by the Trump administration to advise the board as it works on a range of political issues.

“There have always been some fundamental priorities, I think, that we share with previous administrations that had a National Space Council,” one official said. “It is to maintain our leadership in the space of civil, commercial and national security, and to use it to develop our fundamental science and our technological advantage and our national security”

Officials said Harris would shape the issues the council addresses. “The vice president also intends to make her own mark on the board,” said one official, citing climate change, cybersecurity and science, technology, engineering and education as examples. mathematics (STEM).

Other topics the council will address, as outlined in the call, including the sustainable development of commercial space activities, advancing standards and behaviors for peaceful space activities and international cooperation in space exploration.

“I think his approach to this will be just to get the job done, and use it to drive our space policy, and not really focus maybe as much on the big screens as on the job being done,” he said. declared an official.

White House officials have not said whether the council will support the development of space policy guidelines, such as those issued under the Trump administration. In February, the White House said the National Security Council would be responsible for “national security memoranda” that would replace space policy guidelines. This led to speculation at the time that the administration would not maintain the National Space Council.

Officials took the call to point out that the White House in general, and the president and vice president in particular, had been active in space for the first 100 days of administration. These milestones range from formal approvals from NASA and the US Space Force’s Artemis lunar exploration program to outreach events, such as the calls Harris made to astronauts on the International Space Station.

The White House also announced during the call that Harris would swear to Bill Nelson as a NASA administrator on May 3. The Senate confirmed Nelson’s appointment as head of the agency by unanimous consent on April 29. place during this swearing-in, but declined to give further details.

“The vice president is the perfect person to lead the space policy of the federal government, which is increasingly complex, with many countries in space,” Nelson said on May 1 in a NASA statement about by Harris. “Vice President Harris will coordinate our nation’s efforts to ensure America continues to dominate in space. It is an exciting time for our space program. “

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The legend of Apollo 11 dies and 5 more great space and science stories this week Sat, 01 May 2021 15:00:00 +0000

And then there is the Earth. When we think of space, we rarely consider our own planet, a “blue ball” against the dark void. Apollo 11 astronaut Michael Collins, who we lost this week, reminded us of how wonderful it is.

“Oddly enough, it looks fragile one way or another,” he says. “You wanna be good with it. All the beauty, it was wonderful.”

Defy gravity

It’s hard to lose our heroes. This week we say goodbye to Collins, the command module pilot for the Apollo 11 mission. He leaves behind a legacy that will inspire future space explorers to “carry fire. “He died Wednesday at the age of 90 from cancer.
Collins was often referred to as “the loneliest man” because he stayed in Columbia’s command module, orbiting the moon while Armstrong and Aldrin used the Eagle lander to land and walk on the lunar surface. .

But Collins never felt that way. He called Columbia a “happy home” which reminded him of a cathedral and the whole mission as “a long and very fragile garland”. Every link in this garland worked. The three men marked a story that still inspires the spirit of space exploration more than 50 years later.

Fossils and fireballs

When meteorites land on Earth, scientists often wonder where they came from in our solar system.

Now scientists have been able to accurately map an asteroid’s flight path for the first time and trace it back to its point of origin. The rock-sized asteroid’s journey to our planet began 22 million years ago, new research shows.

Scientists discovered a total of 23 fragments after the fireball lit the sky above the Central Kalahari Game Reserve in Botswana on June 2, 2018.

Fantastic creatures

These bright orange amphibians secrete a poison that can be dangerous to humans.
Pumpkin toad may seem like a trendy fall-themed food. Instead, it is a new species of tiny neon orange amphibian discovered in the state of São Paulo, Brazil.

Scientists first thought it was an extant species when they found it in the Mantiqueira mountain range in 2016.

Pumpkin toads are poisonous, secreting the same toxin found in fugu, or pufferfish. So you can watch, but don’t touch.

Long ago…

Glimpses of the struggle between an Ice Age predator and its prey have been revealed by the latest research on fossils unearthed in the Friesenhahn Cave outside of San Antonio.

Saber-toothed cats stalked 2-year-old mammoths – and likely brought the victims back to their cave to eat, the study suggested.

A team of geologists and paleontologists studied the fossilized teeth belonging to the scimitar-toothed cat, or Homotherium serum. The cave specimens included several baby mammoths alongside the cats.

But these formidable feline hunters did not play with the biggest mammoths. Even saber-toothed cats had a limit.

Across the universe

Astronomers used NASA's Chandra X-ray Observatory to study the remnant Cassiopeia A supernova and discovered titanium, shown in light blue, when it exploded.  Colors represent other detected elements, such as iron (orange), oxygen (purple), silicon (red) and magnesium (green).

What looks like a cotton candy explosion in space is actually a portrait of the elements – including those we use on Earth like iron and titanium – that remain after a star explodes. The first of its kind, the photo represents the moment after the creation of stable titanium.

Titanium has been found in the striking remains of the Cassiopeia A supernova about 11,000 light years away. The discovery could help scientists understand what causes some giant stars to explode, according to a new study.

The climate has changed

The glaciers are melting even faster than expected.

Satellite data collected by NASA has helped researchers determine that glacier melt has doubled in the past two decades.

Data revealed that glaciers lost about 5,073 gigatons – or 11,180,000,000,000,000 pounds – in mass between 2000 and 2019. Can you guess roughly how many Eiffel Towers that equates to?
The melting of glaciers is a direct consequence and an indicator of climatic crises. It may sound disastrous, but understanding this phenomenon will help researchers calculate sea level rise correctly for water management.
Do you like what you read? Oh, but there is more. register here to receive the next edition of Wonder Theory, brought to your inbox, brought to you by writer CNN Space and Science Ashley Strickland, which finds wonders in planets beyond our solar system and discoveries of the ancient world.

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HI-SEAS crew struggle to hold their hopes as relentless storms foil their ‘moon walks’ – Commander’s Report: Lunar Day 10 Sat, 01 May 2021 11:09:16 +0000

Commander Musilova leads the crew of Selene IV on a moonwalk. (Image credit: courtesy Cameron Crowell)

Dr Michaela Musilova is the director of Hawaii Space Exploration Analog and Simulation (HIGH SEA), which conducts analog missions to the Moon and Mars for scientific research in a habitat of the Mauna Loa volcano. Currently, she is in command of the two-week Selene IV lunar mission and contributed to this report to Expert Voices: Op-Ed & Insights.

Lunar Mission Commander Selene IV’s Report to HI-SEAS

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Andy Thomas: Adelaide’s own astronaut Fri, 30 Apr 2021 21:18:21 +0000

Seeing Earth from space “makes you an environmentalist,” says former NASA astronaut Andy Thomas.

Thomas, from Adelaide, has completed four space missions, spending around six months in space, much of which in Russia. Mir space station.

He describes what it’s like to have such a different perspective – it’s been dubbed the “Overview effect“.

“You get an appreciation of the finite resources represented by the Earth,” he says.

“I remember one day I was flying and there were fires in Central America, in Nicaragua. They use slash-and-burn agricultural practices there and deforestation is a tragedy.

“These fires got out of control and smoke was released from these fires. We were flying over Chicago, which is far from Nicaragua… I could see these puffs of smoke rising from Nicaragua all the way to Chicago, and I thought, “This is a terrible thing that we are doing to the planet”. “

Space philosopher Frank White says that commercial space flights – space tourism – or virtual reality could help humans linked to Earth feel the big picture effect.

He spoke on a NASA podcast of how for some astronauts it happens “in a moment”, while for others it takes a little longer.

“I think most astronauts I spoke to would say the first visual rendering of the planet was very meaningful… that first moment they looked out of the Soyuz spacecraft, or the shuttle, or they went to the dome on the International Space Station, ”he said.

the Institute overview lists astronauts’ experiences seeing this perspective and uses it to push for action on climate change.

They list quotes from astronauts who experienced the effect, including that of Richard Garriott, who paid $ 30 million for the chance to go to space.

“It was like drinking information from a fire hose,” he says.

“I had heard about the Overview effect but after doing a lot of extreme things in my life… skydiving, rock climbing, touring the Titanic and Antarctica, I didn’t think it would affect me much… C ‘ is until… I entered space! My life has changed because of my space experience. “

In 2019, scientists started an experiment where they tried to replicate the effect – in a day spa. University of Missouri psychologist Steven Pratscher asked volunteers to don a virtual reality headset and dive into a flotation tank. The study will end in mid-May.

Thomas said another wake-up call for him was flying over China and thought it was foggy.

“But of course it wasn’t foggy, it was coal pollution, coal, coal pollution,” he says.

“You get a different view… of the planet and its resources, and how important it is to all of our lives.”

Hear more from Andy Thomas talk about watching Australia from space and the possibilities for “Aussienauts” on Moonshot, which airs on ABC Digital Radio on Sunday at 4pm.

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