Space exploration – Jenam 2011 http://jenam2011.org/ Mon, 21 Jun 2021 19:40:17 +0000 en-US hourly 1 https://wordpress.org/?v=5.7.2 https://jenam2011.org/wp-content/uploads/2021/05/cropped-icon-32x32.png Space exploration – Jenam 2011 http://jenam2011.org/ 32 32 Frontier Development Lab 6.0 to drive AI breakthroughs in space science and exploration https://jenam2011.org/frontier-development-lab-6-0-to-drive-ai-breakthroughs-in-space-science-and-exploration/ https://jenam2011.org/frontier-development-lab-6-0-to-drive-ai-breakthroughs-in-space-science-and-exploration/#respond Mon, 21 Jun 2021 19:16:07 +0000 https://jenam2011.org/frontier-development-lab-6-0-to-drive-ai-breakthroughs-in-space-science-and-exploration/

Frontier Development Laboratory (FDL) entering its sixth year, with teams of researchers who will use AI and machine learning to tackle seven challenges in heliophysics, astronaut health, lunar resources, and earth sciences. FDL applies AI technologies to science to push the boundaries of research and develop new tools to help solve some of humanity’s greatest challenges. For the second year in a row, the FDL, which typically brings together researchers, mentors and faculty from around the world at the SETI Institute in Mountain View, Calif., Will take place virtually.

“In an impressive pivot, our 2020 FDL participants demonstrated that interdisciplinary researchers can achieve extraordinary results in an intense sprinting environment and do so virtually, across approximately nine time zones,” said Bill Diamond, President and CEO of the SETI Institute. “We FDL AI / ML Research Accelerator will be a virtual program again this year, but we anticipate extraordinary results! ”

FDL is a public-private partnership with NASA in the USA and ESA in Europe. It brings together some of the brightest minds in space science, AI, and business, including Google Cloud, Lockheed Martin, Luxembourg Space Agency, Intel, Microsoft, MIT Portugal, Mayo Clinic, USGS, and NVIDIA. New partners this year include the Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory. Other partners include IBM and Planet. FDL is hosted by the SETI Institute and the NASA Ames Research Center.

FDL’s goal is to apply the powerful synergies between physics, simulation and machine learning – many of which are emerging in the commercial sector – to issues important to space exploration and humanity.

Over the past six years, FDL has successfully demonstrated the potential of interdisciplinary AI approaches to address the challenges of planetary defense, space weather and lunar prospecting. FDL researchers have helped advance the state of the art in the use of AI to predict solar activity, map lunar resources, build 3D shape models of potentially dangerous asteroids, discover unclassified meteor showers and determine the effectiveness of asteroid mitigation strategies.

FDL fills knowledge gaps in space science by pairing experts in machine learning with researchers in astronomy, astrophysics, astrobiology and planetary sciences. They work together for an intensive eight-week research sprint, held during the summer vacation of the academic year – although the journey from the definition of the challenge to the end result (technical memo and trained algorithm and data products) takes 12 months.

Interdisciplinary teams of four composed of doctoral and postdoctoral researchers and a faculty of three experts in the field and machine learning tackle narrowly defined scientific challenges, informed by knowledge of “what is possible in ML”. The professors, experts in the field, support the teams, steer the quality of research and push for more ambitious solutions. External and partner experts, special guests and stakeholder reviewers from space agencies help understand the problem and provide a community of expertise that fosters excellence.

FDL 6.0 will build on the work, processes, and learning developed over the previous five cycles, with the potential to deepen the impact of work and advance science in new ways.


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Assertive China reunites Quad members: former Shinzo Abe advisor https://jenam2011.org/assertive-china-reunites-quad-members-former-shinzo-abe-advisor/ https://jenam2011.org/assertive-china-reunites-quad-members-former-shinzo-abe-advisor/#respond Sat, 19 Jun 2021 15:02:00 +0000 https://jenam2011.org/assertive-china-reunites-quad-members-former-shinzo-abe-advisor/

An assertive China is “a very dangerous presence” and has brought together members of Quad, a foreign affairs expert from Japan said on Saturday, noting that the United States and China will be in competition in many areas, including semiconductors, artificial intelligence and deep space. exploration in addition to military technologies.

Speaking at the inaugural event of the QUAD Global Policy Insights Forum, Tomohiko Taniguchi, who was the special adviser to former Japanese Prime Minister Shinzo Abe, said China had given up its “low profile” position. The event took place virtually.

Taniguchi said Washington is aware of building “stronger bridges between and among” the United States, Japan, India and Australia, the four countries that make up the Quad (Quadrilateral Security Dialogue). .

“In the future, 2049 will be the most important year for China for an obvious reason, as it will mark the centenary of the creation of a new China – the People’s Republic of China,” he said.

Taniguchi said China wants to overtake the United States as the world’s leading power and develop a more powerful military arsenal.

“We have a time slot between 2021 and 2049 – nearly a generation ‘China says very dangerous,’ n and I think the Chinese leadership is determined to make a difference, as much as possible. Using this period, he wants overtake the United States in economic size and along the way, China wants to develop a more powerful military arsenal in the world, ”he said.

“Today the United States and China will be competing on many fronts, from semiconductors to artificial intelligence and deep space exploration. You name it. Not to mention military technologies. “, he added.

Taniguchi said in his keynote address that the United States approached China in 2001 for help after the September 11 terrorist attacks in New York City.

“When China emerged from its cocoon and hosted for the first time one of the multilateral gatherings in Shanghai for APEC, China then put aside the low-key poses and over time the Indians and the Japanese realized that an assertive China is a very dangerous presence. . This assertive China brought us all together, ”he said.

He said the earlier Trump administration and the Biden administration were now focusing on the Indo-Pacific.

“The United States realized, perhaps belatedly, that it alone could make no difference. The Trump administration and the Biden administration therefore chose to focus on the Indo-Pacific region,” he said. he declared.

“It is not a landscape but a seascape. We are looking at a vast expanse of oceans and as Shinzo Abe told the audience in the central chamber of the Indian parliament in 2007 that it is the confluence of the two oceans – Indian and Pacific My second point is that the United States has realized that it should build stronger bridges between and among these four nations – the United States, Japan, India and Australia. ” , he added.

Taniguchi said former Chinese Communist leader Deng Xiaoping argued that China should keep a low profile, but that disappeared and a strong China emerged.

“This is, of course, the emergence of an assertive China. An assertive China is no longer the China that Deng Xiaoping argued that they (China) should keep a low profile.

He said Quad members also changed their perspective, which led to the formation of the group.

Taniguchi said that “the change that has taken place in India has been one of the catalysts for Quad to happen,” adding that Japan’s internal development, America’s change in attitude, the rise of China have also propelled the formation of Quad.

The QUAD Forum is an initiative of Global Policy Insights, a centrist political institute, aimed at fostering dialogue and understanding around the Quad group made up of the United States, India, Japan and Australia.

The first Quadrilateral Framework Leaders’ Summit was held virtually in March of this year.

In their joint statement, the leaders expressed their commitment to promoting a free and open rules-based order anchored in international law to advance security and prosperity and counter threats to the Indo-Pacific and the -of the.

The leaders said they supported the rule of law, freedom of navigation and overflight, peaceful settlement of disputes, democratic values ​​and territorial integrity.

(Only the title and image of this report may have been reworked by Business Standard staff; the rest of the content is automatically generated from a syndicated feed.)


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Solar powered invention designed to clean up garbage from outer space | Embry-Riddle Aeronautical University https://jenam2011.org/solar-powered-invention-designed-to-clean-up-garbage-from-outer-space-embry-riddle-aeronautical-university/ https://jenam2011.org/solar-powered-invention-designed-to-clean-up-garbage-from-outer-space-embry-riddle-aeronautical-university/#respond Thu, 17 Jun 2021 12:46:01 +0000 https://jenam2011.org/solar-powered-invention-designed-to-clean-up-garbage-from-outer-space-embry-riddle-aeronautical-university/

A sail that deploys to propel a cubic satellite using solar power – developed by researchers at Embry-Riddle Aeronautical University – suggests a sustainable way to clear dangerous debris from space for years to come .

More than 27,000 orbital debris currently littered space, NASA reported. In low Earth orbit, space debris can travel at up to 15,700 miles per hour, creating serious hazards to spacecraft and astronauts.

To clean up some of this waste, Embry-Riddle research students Ankit Rukhaiyar and Jonathon G. Nadeau created a prototype technology which would use nearly infinite solar energy to autonomously navigate low Earth orbit aboard a cube satellite (CubeSat), collecting trash.

Graduate student Ankit Rukhaiyar is co-leader of the solar-powered CubeSat prototype development project. (Photo: Embry-Riddle / David Massey)

The concept of a “deployable solar sail” was suggested by Michael Dupuis of NASA’s Kennedy Space Center during discussions with students at Embry-Riddle’s Physical Engineering Propulsion Laboratory (EPPL).

“There is a big problem with space debris,” said EPPL director Dr Sergey Drakunov, professor of Physics of the engineer. “We want to bring a spacecraft into the space debris field, capture an object using robotics, and take advantage of the radiation from the solar pressure to bring this junk to a lower altitude, so that it can deorbit by herself.”

A fleet of CubeSats with deployable solar sails could navigate space, autonomously conducting long-term missions, Rukhaiyar said. “Because they are powered by solar radiation, the cleaning technology would not require fuel and is only limited by the survivability of the hardware components,” he explained. “At the end of its mission life cycle, with the sail deployed, the CubeSat could reenter the atmosphere and burn, preventing it from becoming space debris itself. “

The radiation pressure from the sun would speed up or slow down the orbit of the CubeSat, depending on whether the sail is facing the sun or not. “You would keep changing modes to bring debris about 300 kilometers above Earth, where atmospheric drag would burn them,” said Rukhaiyar, who recently graduated from his masters and will soon become a PhD. student at Embry-Riddle. “The radiation pressure is roughly constant on Earth, so we should have enough radiation pressure to carry out long-term cleanup missions. “

Solar energy “makes it possible to increase the orbit of the spacecraft for free, without using fuel,” Drakunov noted. Otherwise, heavy spacecraft must be launched into orbit using large amounts of expensive fuel.

The prototype version of Embry-Riddle, intended for technological demonstrations, uses a small CubeSat (6U) and a 32-meter sail. During testing, the solar sail prototype went efficiently and as planned. Rukhaiyar and Nadeau worked with other students to thoroughly test their designs, which were inspired by NASA concepts.

Now, researchers aim to increase the speed of technology and standardize the manufacture of blow-proof sails.

A solar-powered sail that deploys during its orbit around Earth in order to catch space debris is pictured here.  (Photo: Embry-Riddle)

A solar-powered sail that deploys during its orbit around Earth in order to catch space debris is pictured here. (Photo: Embry-Riddle)

While solar energy is at the heart of the invention, Drakunov said student energy is the real key to success. “Students like Ankit and Jonathon come to Embry-Riddle with all their enthusiasm and they do great things,” he said. “They took an idea from NASA and they tested and tested it. During the pandemic, they had to work masked and separated from others. Their hard work will advance space technology, and they also help inspire another generation of student researchers. “

With Ankit Rukhaiyar and Jonathan Nadeau, Mr. Catherine Yopp, Adam Duke, Kyle Fox, Dylan Ballback and Michael Tomaso co-wrote the pre-printed item who describes this research, with Drakunov and Dr Patrick Currier, associate professor and associate president of Mechanical Engineering at Embry-Riddle.

Other research contributors included Embry-Riddle Ph.D. Firefly Aerospace student and design and analysis director Brigette Oakes, former Michelle Nadeau and graduate student Kayla Ormiston.

To date, solar sail research has been funded internally by Embry-Riddle’s College of Arts and Sciences, College of Engineering, and Philanthropy Council.

Physical Engineering Propulsion Laboratory

Since 2015, Embry-Riddle’s Physical Engineering Propulsion Laboratory (EPPL) has advanced innovative methods of space propulsion and associated feedback control to support space exploration and aeronautics. EPPL’s ​​research has included advanced control systems for spacecraft, space-based autonomous systems, prototype space robots for asteroid mining, and in-orbit repair systems for spacecraft. The lab uses virtual reality and augmented reality tools to mimic space and planetary environments and improve human-machine interactions for space missions.

Posted in: Engineering | Space


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China prepares to send first crew to new space station https://jenam2011.org/china-prepares-to-send-first-crew-to-new-space-station/ https://jenam2011.org/china-prepares-to-send-first-crew-to-new-space-station/#respond Wed, 16 Jun 2021 16:34:14 +0000 https://jenam2011.org/china-prepares-to-send-first-crew-to-new-space-station/

China is preparing to send astronauts to its new space station for the first time, with a launch scheduled for Thursday that is to deliver a crew of three to begin the country’s longest space mission.

The first section of the Tiangong space station was put into orbit on April 29, with 11 more launches slated for next year to add additional modules and deliver crews and supplies.

China now spends more money on space exploration than any other country except the United States, and the Tiangong Project is at the heart of its ambitious space program, which also includes its Mars rover and a plan to sending astronauts to the Moon in 2030.

The three crew members said they were eager to start transforming the space station into their home, where they will spend three months testing experiments and performing a series of spacewalks.

Mission Commander Nie Haisheng, 56, said, “First, we need to organize our home in the basic module, and then start a whole range of diagnostic tests on crucial technologies and experiments.

“The task is very difficult and the challenges are numerous. My colleagues and I will cooperate closely, act with caution and overcome any difficulties, ”he said.

Astronauts Liu Boming – who conducted China’s first spacewalk in 2008 – and Tang Hongbo will also travel to the station aboard a Long March rocket from the Jiuquan Launch Center in the northwest. from China.

The Tiangong station has living modules for each of the three crew members, as well as a bathroom, a dining area and a communication center.

The Long March-2F rocket that will transport the Shenzhou-12 spacecraft during China’s first crewed mission to its new space station. AFP

The crew will have a choice of 120 different types of food, the Chinese space agency said, adding that the station has “space conveyor belts” to keep astronauts healthy.

To prepare for the mission, the astronauts underwent more than 6,000 hours of training, including hundreds of submarine somersaults in full space gear.

The Chinese space program is a matter of prestige for the ruling Communist Party, which is set to celebrate its centenary next month.

Speaking to reporters from a sealed room as they prepared to board the spacecraft, the astronauts said they had complete confidence in the mission.

Mr. Tang, 45, said, “There is pressure. But where there is pressure, there is motivation and… I have confidence in myself and in our team.

China has sent 11 astronauts into space since manned missions began in 2003, but Thursday’s launch is the first manned mission in five years.

The Tiangong station would be intended to be used for 15 years and could outlive the International Space Station, which is approaching the end of its lifespan.

Once completed, the station will allow stays of up to six months, like the ISS.

China’s goal of building its own orbital station has been fueled in part by a US ban on its astronauts from visiting the ISS.

The United States is concerned about the secrecy surrounding the Chinese space program.

But Ji Qiming, deputy director of the Chinese Manned Space Agency (CMSA), said Beijing was willing to cooperate with international partners on future space station missions.

“I believe that in the near future, when the Chinese space station is completed, we will see Chinese and foreign astronauts undertake joint missions to the Chinese space station,” Ji said.

“Outer space is the common wealth of people around the world, and the exploration of the universe is the common cause of all mankind.”

China has been widely criticized after the launch of the space station module for allowing the uncontrolled reentry of part of the rocket.

Debris from the launcher eventually landed in the Indian Ocean, ending speculation on where it might land.

The rocket used for Thursday’s launch is of a different type and will not pose a threat, Ji said.


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NASA’s Ingenuity mission honored by the Space Foundation https://jenam2011.org/nasas-ingenuity-mission-honored-by-the-space-foundation/ https://jenam2011.org/nasas-ingenuity-mission-honored-by-the-space-foundation/#respond Tue, 15 Jun 2021 21:03:29 +0000 https://jenam2011.org/nasas-ingenuity-mission-honored-by-the-space-foundation/

The Ingenuity Mars Helicopter team at NASA’s Jet Propulsion Laboratory in Southern California faced many challenges in achieving humanity’s first powered and controlled flight to another planet. The helicopter’s first test flight was full of unknowns. The Red Planet has an extremely thin atmosphere with only 1% of the surface pressure relative to our planet while also harboring significant gravity – one-third that of Earth. On April 19, 2021, Ingenuity climbed to its prescribed maximum altitude of 10 feet (3 meters) and maintained a stable hover for 30 seconds before descending, becoming the very first rotorcraft to fly to another planet.

Since then, the Mars helicopter has flown a total of seven times, moving from a technology demonstration to an operational demonstration intended to explore how aerial spotting and other functions could benefit future explorations of Mars and other worlds.

The Space Foundation Award will be presented on August 23 at the opening ceremony of the 36th Space Symposium in Colorado Springs.

Recent Swigert Award winners include the InSight-Mars Cube One joint project teams, the Dawn mission, and the Cassini mission.


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Abigail Allwood in Greenland https://jenam2011.org/abigail-allwood-in-greenland/ https://jenam2011.org/abigail-allwood-in-greenland/#respond Mon, 14 Jun 2021 23:25:16 +0000 https://jenam2011.org/abigail-allwood-in-greenland/

Abigail Allwood, principal investigator of the Planetary Instrument for X-ray Lithochemistry (PIXL) aboard NASA’s Perseverance Mars rover, is seen here examining rocks in Greenland. Allwood is a scientist based at NASA’s Jet Propulsion Laboratory in Southern California.

A key objective of the Perseverance mission to Mars is astrobiology, including looking for signs of ancient microbial life. The rover will characterize the past geology and climate of the planet, pave the way for human exploration of the Red Planet, and be the first mission to collect and cache Martian rock and regolith (shattered rock and dust).

Subsequent NASA missions, in cooperation with ESA (European Space Agency), would send spacecraft to Mars to collect these sealed samples on the surface and return them to Earth for further analysis.

The Mars 2020 Perseverance mission is part of NASA’s approach to exploring the Moon to Mars, which includes Artemis missions to the moon that will help prepare for human exploration of the red planet.

JPL, which is managed for NASA by Caltech in Pasadena, Calif., Built and manages the operations of the Perseverance rover.

To find out more about Perseverance: mars.nasa.gov/mars2020/ and nasa.gov/perseverance


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Mount Holyoke professor Darby Dyar lands key role in NASA’s exploration study of Venus https://jenam2011.org/mount-holyoke-professor-darby-dyar-lands-key-role-in-nasas-exploration-study-of-venus/ https://jenam2011.org/mount-holyoke-professor-darby-dyar-lands-key-role-in-nasas-exploration-study-of-venus/#respond Mon, 14 Jun 2021 09:04:22 +0000 https://jenam2011.org/mount-holyoke-professor-darby-dyar-lands-key-role-in-nasas-exploration-study-of-venus/

Why study Venus?

“There are two reasons,” says Darby Dyar, professor of astronomy at Mount Holyoke College. “One is to study the greenhouse effect and how water has been lost, which is linked to climate change. “

The other, she explains, “concerns one of the most important questions humans ask themselves: are we alone? There are Venus and Earth-like stars all over the universe. Venus is our best proof (of a possible life elsewhere).

Dyar, Kennedy-Schelkunoff professor of astronomy and holder of a chair of astronomy at Mount Holyoke, fulfills a long-held dream as part of a mission to explore why Venus has become hell, even though it has many many characteristics similar to those of Earth.

The National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) recently announced Venus missions as part of its discovery program. They are designed to study a planet that may have been the solar system’s first habitable world, with large bodies of water and a climate resembling modern Earth.

Dyar is the Deputy Principal Investigator for VERITAS (Venus Emissivity, Radio Science, InSAR, Topography, and Spectroscopy). She will study why Venus and Earth evolved from similar characteristics but developed so differently.

It’s a dream come true for Dyar, who will be dividing his time between Mount Holyoke and the NASA effort for the next several years.

“Working for something your whole life and then making it happen is hard to believe,” she says.

Dyar’s influence is felt on the South Hadley University Campus, but also beyond. She has written more than 260 articles in scientific journals, sits on three of NASA’s eight Virtual Solar System Exploration Institutes, and has received several awards in the fields of science, geology and astronomy.

Nasa, who announced his plans for the exploration of Venus on June 2, hopes to send a shoebox-sized landing vehicle to the planet by around 2028. It will take about a year for the vehicle to reach Venus.

Budgetary constraints, rather than scientific limitations, make an earlier landing unlikely.

The surface of Venus is hot enough to melt lead, which excludes roving vehicles. The smaller landing vehicle is expected to survive for 60 days.

In the public consciousness, interest in Venus invariably takes a back seat to Mars. The “red planet” has provided a constant source of fascination, film production, and conjecture that one day humans might visit or even inhabit it.

This will not happen with Venus, where the temperature is 460 degrees centigrade (872 Fahrenheit). NASA has not had a mission to the planet for over 30 years. But Venus is actually closer to Earth than Mars, and surprising parallels can be drawn between the stories of the two planets.

“A solar system begins with a disk of dust that merges into a planet. The planet is getting hotter. Venus warmed before Earth, ”explains Dyar.

A widely held belief within the scientific community is that liquid water existed on Venus billions of years ago. And where there is liquid water, there can be life.

“This is the dominant theory. In a decade we will know for sure, ”says Dyar, who is among the believers.

Dyar’s interest in planetary science dates back 40 years to her days as a graduate student at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology.

“One morning I walked into the office to find some crying graduate students in the hallways. NASA had just canceled a flagship mission to Venus, ”she recalls. “The Reagan administration decided it was too expensive.”

Thus, Dyar changed his focus on the moon and then on Mars. She has never lost interest in Venus, which she calls “the mysterious twin of the Earth”. Decades later, German scientist Joern Helbert asked Dyar to collaborate on the study of Venusian surface temperature, and the professor’s passion for Venus returned to the fore. So much so that she shares that she cried for joy when she learned that the project would happen.

“Over the past decade, I’ve worked with scientists and engineers at NASA’s Jet Propulsion Laboratory in Southern California to develop four Venus mission concepts,” Dyar explains. “The Principal Investigator, Suzanne Smrekar, is an extraordinary scientist. It has been an honor to work with her and others to develop this mission.

Each ambitious NASA mission has a different impact on American society. For some, this raises the question of whether the spectacular expense of space exploration is a worthwhile investment.

For Dyar, there is no doubt, and not just because of the insatiable human appetite for knowledge of the mysteries of the universe. She sees practical reasons that apply to 21st century Earth and her own confrontation with greenhouse gases, climate change and a path once followed by her misunderstood neighbor.

There is even a controversial scientific theory that life forms can exist on Venus today – not in human forms or as aliens from a sci-fi movie, but as microbes. If this is true, or even possible, speculation will grow that life in the universe cannot be limited to Earth alone.

The celestial movements of Venus have intrigued and fascinated astronomers and scientists for at least 3,000 years. From now on, Dyar will be part of a revival.

“I can’t wait to go,” she said. “We know exactly what we want to do and how we are going to do it. I can’t wait to take the next steps.


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New Virginia Spaceport Chief Seeks to Increase Launch Activity https://jenam2011.org/new-virginia-spaceport-chief-seeks-to-increase-launch-activity/ https://jenam2011.org/new-virginia-spaceport-chief-seeks-to-increase-launch-activity/#respond Sun, 13 Jun 2021 13:18:11 +0000 https://jenam2011.org/new-virginia-spaceport-chief-seeks-to-increase-launch-activity/

WASHINGTON – The new head of the Virginia Commercial Spaceport on Wallops Island says he wants to increase launch activity at the site, while acknowledging there are limits to its size.

Virginia Governor Ralph Northam (D) announced on June 10 that Roosevelt “Ted” Mercer Jr., a retired Air Force major general, will be the next general manager and executive director of the Virginia Commercial Space Flight. Authority, which operates the Mid-Atlantic Regional Space Port (MARS) on Wallops Island. Mercer will take over on August 1 when the current head of authority Dale Nash retires.

“Under his leadership, Virginia is poised to maximize the investments we have made in our world-class spaceport and move into the future as a leader in space exploration, research and commerce,” said Northam said of Mercer in a statement.

Mercer held a variety of space-related positions during his 32 years in the Air Force, including as commander of the 30th Space Wing at Vandenberg Air Force Base and as Deputy Director of Operations for Air Force Space Command. Mercer retired from the Air Force in 2008 and in 2016 became Director of the Office of Interagency Programs for the Federal Aviation Administration’s NextGen program to modernize the management of the national airspace system.

The authority convened a search committee to select Nash’s successor, which led them to Mercer. “This committee has unanimously selected the best possible candidate to take the helm of Virginia Space,” Jeff Bingham, chairman of the authority’s board, said in a briefing. “Our new CEO and Executive Director is uniquely qualified to ensure that we meet our goals and work to become increasingly active and competitive over the next decade. “

MARS currently only hosts a few orbital launches per year. Northrop Grumman performs an average of two Antares launches per year from Pad 0-A, sending the cargo ship Cygnus to the International Space Station. Nearby pad 0-B hosts occasional Northrop Grumman Minotaur rocket launches, including a Minotaur 1 launch from a National Reconnaissance Office mission scheduled for June 15.

Mercer said during the briefing that growing spaceport launch activities was a top priority, right after researching the needs of spaceport personnel. “One of the cleanest ways to start growing this business, without doing much in terms of infrastructure, is to simply get aggressive to get out and get more customers to our port of launch and our lineup. “, did he declare.

The Rocket Lab is an important factor in the future of MARS. The company built Launch Complex 2, a launch pad for its Electron rocket, next to Pad 0-A. In March, he announced that he would launch his new mid-class Neutron rocket from Wallops, using the existing Pad 0-A. This rocket will also be manufactured at a facility to be built nearby.

Regularly flying both electrons and neutrons from MARS could dramatically increase launch activity there. Nash noted during the briefing that Electron is designed to be launched from Wallops as often as once a month, while Neutron will likely launch six to eight times a year. “Between the launches of Northrop Grumman and those of Rocket Lab, we could easily do 20, 25 launches a year within a few years,” he predicted. “It’s an important cadence.”

However, the introduction of Electron has been delayed due to issues with NASA’s certification of an autonomous flight termination system that Electron, and eventually all other vehicles, will use at the stand. Nash suggested that Electron’s first launch from Wallops, originally slated for 2020, could run until November due to this certification work.

Mercer said he wanted to attract additional launch companies to Wallops. “The opportunity to grow over the next five years is extraordinary,” he said, citing the interest in small satellites from businesses and government organizations like the Pentagon Space Development Agency. “I want MARS to be the location of choice for some of these companies who want to put their satellites into orbit. “

MARS will have to supplement with other space ports for this launch activity, in particular the Cape Canaveral space station in Florida and the Kennedy Space Center. While Rocket Lab has selected Wallops for its launchers, other companies, including Firefly Aerospace and Relativity Space, are establishing launch operations at Cape Canaveral. KSC recently opened a new launch facility, Launch Complex 48, dedicated to small launchers.

Mercer suggested he would be open to building additional launch infrastructure at MARS if there is a demand for it. “If we are to continue to grow and grow our business, we need to be able to consider how we might adopt a wider range of booster and booster classes,” he said.

Nash said NASA’s master plan for Wallops includes the ability to add two or three additional launch pads, which could potentially accommodate launchers larger than Antares and Neutron. These would cost more to build than existing platforms and other infrastructure that the state has said has invested more than $ 250 million in construction.

Mercer, however, said there were limits to the growth of MARS. “Will we ever become a Cape Canaveral?” Probably not, ”he said, due to the limitations of the infrastructure that can be built there. “We will be limited to a certain extent, but we want to expand as much as possible and expand the range and size of boosters that we can take as much as possible. This will allow more customers to come to this range.


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Top 10 Global News: G7 vs. China, US on Embassies in Afghanistan and more, World News https://jenam2011.org/top-10-global-news-g7-vs-china-us-on-embassies-in-afghanistan-and-more-world-news/ https://jenam2011.org/top-10-global-news-g7-vs-china-us-on-embassies-in-afghanistan-and-more-world-news/#respond Sat, 12 Jun 2021 15:23:23 +0000 https://jenam2011.org/top-10-global-news-g7-vs-china-us-on-embassies-in-afghanistan-and-more-world-news/

In G7 summit, leaders launched a plan called the Rebuilding a Better World Initiative (B3W), which will be used to build infrastructure in the poorest countries. It would seem that this initiative could also be a counter-foot to Chinese Belt and Road Initiative. Meanwhile, according to a White House statement, to help poor countries struggling to cope with the Covid-19 pandemic, the United States and other Group of Seven countries are considering a reallocation of $ 100 billion in funds, from International Monetary Fund (IMF) war chest. In other news following the taliban refusal to allow turkey troops in Afghanistan, the United States suggested that embassies could be forced to close in the absence of an international diplomatic presence in Kabul. In the lighter news we bring photos of the red planet for you March, clicked by Zhurong, the Chinese remote-controlled motorized Mars rover.

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G7 adopts global infrastructure plan, response to China’s Belt and Road Initiative

In what may be a counterbalance to China’s Belt and Road Initiative, G7 leaders have launched a plan to build infrastructure in the poorest countries.

US says G7 could reallocate $ 100 billion in IMF funds to countries ravaged by COVID

According to a White House statement, the United States and other Group of Seven countries are considering reallocating $ 100 billion from the International Monetary Fund’s war fund to help countries struggling to cope with the crisis. COVID-19.

US says diplomatic presence in Kabul requires “functional and secure airport”

A day after the Taliban rejected Turkey’s proposal to maintain a troop presence in Afghanistan in order to guard and manage the Hamid Karzai International Airport after the rest of the US-led foreign force left, the United States said in a statement that it believes that maintaining an international diplomatic presence in Kabul requires a “functional and secure” airport.

Russia and Pentagon to send counter-drone and electronic warfare equipment to Ukraine

The Pentagon on Friday announced a new package of $ 150 million in military aid to Ukraine that will include counter-artillery radar, electronic warfare equipment and counter-drone technology, bolstering Kiev amid high tensions with Moscow.

No joint press conference after Biden-Putin meeting, White House says

The White House in a statement said US President Joe Biden and Russian President Vladimir Putin would not hold a joint press conference after their meeting, but that Biden would instead hold a solo press conference.

Implement Brexit deal, EU told UK Prime Minister Boris Johnson

Expressing concern over the preservation of the delicate peace in Northern Ireland, the European Union has called on British Prime Minister Boris Johnson to implement the Brexit deal he signed.

Sri Lanka claims millions in damages for burning ship

Following the recent ecological disaster that Sri Lanka had to face due to the fire of the vessel MV X-Press Pearl, the country is seeking $ 40 million in damages from the operator of the vessel, because the fire caused massive pollution.

Nepal opposition leader threatens to kill Prime Minister Oli

The Nepalese opposition party, Narottam Baidhya of the Nepalese Congress Party, has threatened to kill Prime Minister KP Oli in an “aggressor like Nathuram Godse”, which they say is necessary to save the nation.

Saudi Arabia bans foreign travelers from visiting Haj due to COVID-19

In response to the coronavirus pandemic, for the second year in a row, Saudi Arabia has restricted the annual Haj pilgrimage to its own citizens and residents. The number of authorized visitors was also limited to 60,000.

China unveils images of Martian rover on red planet

Declaring that the country’s first attempt to explore Mars was successful, China released photos of the Mars landscape taken by its Zhurong remote-controlled motorized rover. Released by the National Space Administration of China, these images show an image of Martian soil, one of the landing pads, and another of the Zhurong rover and the landing pad together.


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PH and Japan space cooperation pact https://jenam2011.org/ph-and-japan-space-cooperation-pact/ https://jenam2011.org/ph-and-japan-space-cooperation-pact/#respond Sat, 12 Jun 2021 05:00:00 +0000 https://jenam2011.org/ph-and-japan-space-cooperation-pact/

MANILA – The Philippine and Japanese governments plan to strengthen their partnership in space science and space exploration with the signing of a Memorandum of Cooperation (MOC) on Saturday.

In a virtual conference, the Director General of the Philippine Space Agency (PhilSA), Joel Joseph Marciano Jr., signed the agreement with the President of the Japan Aerospace Exploration Agency (JAXA), Yamakawa Hiroshi.

The Philippine Embassy in Tokyo said the document aims to provide a framework for cooperation in space applications; development of satellites; use of the space environment; capacity building for the development of space technologies, space policy and legislation; and promotion of the space industry.

Marciano is optimistic that the agreement with JAXA would open more opportunities for Filipinos to access and benefit from the space.

“We bring to this cooperation our staff and their experience with the Diwata and Maya satellites, as well as our investments in ground infrastructure and spatial data processing and analysis capabilities. Together, we will create even more value from these activities and pass them more on to society, ”he said.

Philippine Ambassador to Japan José Laurel V, who was also present at the ceremony, congratulated both sides on the achievement, noting that this year also marks the 65th anniversary of Philippine-Japanese relations and the 10th year of the strategic partnership. from both countries.

“The signing of the MOC opens the door wider to this future. I congratulate PhilSA and JAXA for laying this foundation and I am proud, along with my colleagues at the Embassy, ​​to participate in this effort, because our small investments today will mobilize the generations that will come after us in their attempt to conquer new borders. Today is indeed a fitting tribute to a remarkable bilateral relationship, ”said Laurel.

PhilSA was established in 2019 as the central government agency responsible for all national issues and activities related to space science and technology applications.

This year, the Maya-2 CubeSat from the Philippines was transported to the International Space Station via JAXA, and released into space to perform a science demonstration of imaging and communications with storage and transfer.

Maya-2 was made by Philippine engineers in cooperation with the Kyushu Institute of Technology, with funding from the Philippine government through the Department of Science and Technology.

Other satellites, such as the Diwata microsatellites, were also produced in collaboration with Japanese universities and launched via JAXA.

The Philippines continues to engage in various activities carried out by JAXA, such as the Annual Forum of Asia-Pacific Regional Space Agencies (APRSAF), the National Space Legislation Initiative (NSLI) and Sentinel Asia.

The Philippines, which hosted APRSAF in 2016, regularly participates in its various working groups as a place to exchange experiences and good practices in the development and use of space.

He also contributed to the drafting of the NSLI report, which was submitted to the 60th session of the Legal Subcommittee of the United Nations Committee on the Peaceful Uses of Outer Space.

Through Sentinal Asia, the country was able to gain additional support for disaster management through Earth observation satellite data, geographic information systems and other space technologies. (ANP)


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