Space X – Jenam 2011 Tue, 11 Jan 2022 07:49:06 +0000 en-US hourly 1 Space X – Jenam 2011 32 32 SpaceX Muscle launch explores secrets of aging Tue, 11 Jan 2022 05:28:00 +0000

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SpaceX has been transporting cargo to the International Space Station since 2012, sending various items – from robot parts and a vegetable patch to genetically modified mice – aboard its rockets. And while they may seem haphazard, each element serves its own purpose in the critical research being done at the ISS, including the following.

SpaceX has launched human muscle cells into space in an attempt to explore something that will have applications in space and on Earth as well: the effects of aging.

A team of scientists from the University of Liverpool have embarked on a research initiative they call the MicroAge Study, the main goal of which is to learn why people’s muscles weaken as they age.

This phenomenon is parallel to that which occurred with the astronauts: in weightlessness, the muscles also tend to weaken.

Now, a SpaceX Falcon 9 rocket has sent muscle cells as large as a grain of rice to the ISS, stored in a 3D printed medium described as the size of a small pencil sharpener. The 24 separate muscles will then be electrically stimulated to contract the tissue, as if they were engaged in an exercise. Cells grown in the lab will also experience other experiences related to their zero-gravity environment before being sent back to Earth for further study.

Research officials say it took a lot of preparation to bring this type of experience into space, and the necessary electronic equipment had to be downsized from the size of a large desk to that of a game. Cards.

According to the Daily Mail, UK Minister for Science George Freeman described research into microgravity muscle loss as a way to potentially identify cures for musculoskeletal disease, saying: “By exploiting the environment unique to the International Space Station, our pioneering scientists could help us all live healthier and stronger lives.

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SpaceX’s spacecraft is ready for its first trip to space Sat, 08 Jan 2022 14:00:00 +0000

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The largest spacecraft ever built is set to reach orbit for the first time in March 2022 – and if all goes according to plan, we’ll take another big step towards a future in which spaceflight is cheaper and more accessible than never.

The challenge: By sending instruments and people into space, we can learn things about the universe that Earth observations simply cannot tell us, but the launch costs greatly limit our alien reach.

This is because every additional ounce of weight included in a rocket’s payload increases the amount of expensive (and also heavy) fuel needed to break free from Earth’s gravity. It is even more expensive to send large instruments into space, since they require bigger and heavier rockets (and, therefore, even more fuel).

Then there’s the cost of the rockets themselves – most are designed for a single launch, and after delivering their payloads, they crash into Earth, burn in the atmosphere, or become space debris.

“The spacecraft would totally change the way we can explore the solar system.”

Ali bramson

SpaceX’s spaceship: SpaceX has been a leader in the development of reusable rockets, which land safely on Earth after launch. After refurbishment, they can then be launched over and over again, reducing the cost of each launch.

In 2016, the company began developing a massive launch system, consisting of a 230-foot first-stage booster rocket (called Super Heavy), topped by a 165-foot spacecraft (the Starship).

When complete, Starship should be the largest and most powerful launching system in the world. The current record holder – NASA’s Saturn V, used for the Apollo lunar missions – was slightly shorter and produced just 7.8 million pounds of lift-off thrust, compared to that of Starship. 17 million pound sterling.

The system is designed to carry a massive 220,000-pound payload into low Earth orbit – more than four times the maximum payload of SpaceX’s Falcon 9 – but what is really What’s interesting about Starship is the fact that it’s designed to be fully reusable.

CEO Elon Musk estimated that being able to reuse the spacecraft could reduce the cost of a launch to just $ 2 million.

In comparison, the space shuttle, with a payload capacity of 65,000 pounds, cost almost $ 1.6 billion per mission – and its much-delayed successor, the Space Launch System (SLS), is expected to cost at least $ 900 million per launch (and maybe double that), with a payload capacity of just 154,000 pounds.

Why is this important: David Todd, an analyst at Seradata, told Science Magazine that $ 10 million is a more realistic estimate for low Earth orbit spacecraft launches, but even at that price the craft could significantly increase access to the world. ‘space.

“The low cost of access has the potential to be a real game-changer for scientific research,” Andrew Westphal, professor of physics at UC Berkeley, told MIT Technology Review. “You can imagine privately funded missions and citizen consortia coming together to steal things. “

A spacecraft flight could take a 100-ton object to the surface of Europe or 100 people to Mars.

Elon musk

In addition to facilitating carpooling type missions, Starship could also reduce the cost of deployment. big instruments – the recently launched James Webb Space Telescope, for example, would have adapted with plenty of space to spare.

“The spacecraft is designed to be a generalized transport mechanism for the large solar system,” Musk said in November 2021. “You could bring a 100-ton object to the surface of Europe. It’s much more than that. that you could do with a little rocket, so I think that’s very exciting.

An artistic rendering of Starships on Mars. Credit: SpaceX

Add around 40 cabins to a spaceship – as Musk plans to do – and you can use the vehicles to start populating Mars (as long as you refuel in space).

“You could maybe have five or six people per cabin, if you really wanted to cram people, but I think most of the time we would expect to see two or three people per cabin, so nominally around 100 people per cabin. flight to Mars, ”Musk said in 2017.

(It should be noted, however, that missions to higher orbits or deep space would cost more than low Earth orbit estimates.)

What’s up? In August 2020, SpaceX completed its first successful test flight of a prototype spacecraft, sending a shorter version of the rocket on a 500-foot “jump” into the air.

Since then, the company has sent prototypes of Starship farther above the Earth’s surface (successfully landing some of them), and now its 20th prototype Starship (SN20) is undergoing engine tests. at a launch site in Texas, in preparation for an orbital test flight.

This will be the first test flight of a full Starship system – the others did not include the Super Heavy booster – and the first to cross the border into space. (It’s about 62 miles high – the highest flight of a prototype spacecraft so far, without a crash, is 6.2 miles.)

The FAA is currently assessing the potential environmental impact of SpaceX’s orbital test flight. This process is expected to be completed by February 28, which means the launch could take place as early as early March.

Looking forward: In November 2021, Musk said SpaceX could perform a dozen or more Starship test flights in 2022. At that time, he predicted that the first could take place as early as January, so the FAA delay could potentially reduce the number.

If the first orbital test flight Is it that arriving in March, however, we can probably expect to see a lot more before the end of the year, and another of Musk’s predictions from November – the transport of valuable payloads in 2023 – could still be fulfilled.

From there, Starship could start to allow all kinds of missions that are currently not possible.

“The spacecraft would totally change the way we can explore the solar system,” Ali Bramson, a planetary scientist at Purdue University, told MIT Tech Review. “Planetary science is just going to explode.”

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Rocket Report: SpaceX Raises More Money, Buy Your Own New Glenn Fri, 07 Jan 2022 12:00:20 +0000
Enlarge / The James Webb Space Telescope takes off from French Guiana aboard an Ariane 5 rocket on December 25.

ESA – S. Corvaja

Welcome to edition 4.27 of the Rocket Report! And after two weeks of absence, the Rocket Report is back. I’d love to say I’m tanned, rested, and ready, but hey, one in three isn’t bad. Either way, there’s a ton of news to report after the vacation break, so let’s get right to it.

As always, we welcome reader contributions, and if you don’t want to miss an issue, please register using the box below (the form will not appear on AMP versions of the site). Each report will include information on small, medium and large power rockets as well as a quick overview of the next three launches on the schedule.

Ukrainian investor asked to part ways with Firefly. The U.S. government has asked Max Polyakov, a wealthy Ukrainian tech entrepreneur, to sell his stake in rocket company Firefly Aerospace Inc., reports Bloomberg. The military cited national security concerns in making the request. Polyakov backed Firefly with $ 200 million in 2017 after filing for bankruptcy and is credited with the company’s turnaround. Polyakov had already retired from the Firefly board a year ago.

Alpha pending … However, government and aerospace industry officials continued to voice objections to Polyakov’s control over the company, fearing that valuable technology could be channeled to Ukraine, Russia or other countries trying to develop rocket programs. Polyakov agreed to sell his 50% stake in the company for the sake of Firefly. Until then, it appears that work on the company’s second Alpha rocket launch at Vandenberg Space Force Base in California has been suspended. (Submitted by Ken the Bin)

Design flaw cited in Korean rocket failure. The failed October debut of South Korea’s first-built rocket, the KSLV-2, is blamed on poorly anchored helium tanks inside the top stage of the three-stage rocket, SpaceNews reports. The kerosene and liquid oxygen-fueled rocket released its dummy payload into an unsustainable orbit when its top-stage engine shut down 46 seconds earlier. A failure investigation by the Korea Aerospace Research Institute found that poorly designed structures allowed the helium tanks inside the upper stage to come loose during flight, causing a leak that robbed the rocket motor. liquid oxygen.

Fortify anchors … The helium tanks with the faulty anchors were inside the upper stage oxidant tank, which was filled with liquid oxygen needed to ignite the rocket. When the helium tanks came loose, they disrupted the piping inside the oxidizer tank and caused liquid oxygen to leak, resulting in premature ignition shutdown. The problem will be corrected by strengthening the anchorages of the helium tanks in the KSLV-2. A second test flight of the KSLV rocket is expected to take place later this year. (Submitted by Ken the Bin)

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The FAA approves the Georgia spaceport. The long-running saga of whether supporters of a spaceport in coastal Georgia could move forward appeared to come to a conclusion in December when the Federal Aviation Administration licensed Spaceport Camden to site operator on December 20. But the project then encountered another problem on a land of contestation.

Will it be a vote? The Current reports that Superior Court Judge Stephen Scarlett has issued a temporary restraining order preventing Camden County from completing the purchase of the 4,000-acre area of ​​Union Carbide where the county intends to build a spaceport. Opponents called for the restraining order on behalf of themselves and about 4,000 other county voters who signed a petition calling for a referendum on the purchase of the property. (Submitted by Ken the Bin)

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Tesla nearly doubles vehicle deliveries from last year Wed, 05 Jan 2022 12:00:25 +0000

SpaceX fires… Tesla remembers… Elon Musk’s podcasts. This is the free edition of Musk readings # 279 – subscribe now to receive two more emails later this week.

Last week, Musk readings+ members discovered five important things to expect from Elon Musk in 2021. This week, members will hear from SpaceX Reddit moderator Forest Katsch.

A version of this article appeared in the “Musk Reads” newsletter. Sign up for free here.

Musk Quote of the Week: “Most people are still unaware that sustainable energy production is increasing so rapidly” – Elon Musk tweeted December 27. It’s an optimistic setup for the New Year, which some activists fear shows just how serious our climate crisis is becoming. As people clamor for cleaner, greener energy, I hope Musk is right.

Tesla: total recall

Tesla is slipping hot into the new year. The company announced on Jan. 2 that it “had reached production of over 305,000 vehicles and deliveries of over 308,000 vehicles”, opening its record 241,300 deliveries made in the last quarter. The company made 936,000 total vehicle deliveries in 2021, a considerable achievement for Tesla, which made less than 500,000 deliveries in 2020.

Of course, with progress comes growing pains. You’re here recently 356,309 Model 3 vehicles recalled for the sake of a faulty rear camera. In addition, Tesla has recalled 119,009 Model S vehicles that may have a spontaneous front trunk and around 200,000 vehicles in China for the same reason.

This important recall, which involves more Tesla than the total delivered in 2020, is frightening news for Tesla owners and potential buyers. But, to put it in perspective, in 2021 General Motors recalled around 400,000 trucks for exploded airbags and Ford recalled 3 million vehicles, also for defective airbags. Reminders are coming. These are good reminders that no car is invincible.

SpaceX: ignite

Boca Chica’s update channel LabPadre posted a video of SpaceX performing another hot static fire test on S20. “It appears that only one tile was dislodged, which was a much better result than the last test,” LabPadre wrote in the caption. “They tried a fifth static fire but aborted later that evening.”

These Starship tests are exciting and promising, but unfortunately Starship won’t be showing its new muscles anytime soon. The Federal Aviation Administration has delayed its programmatic EA decision for the launch of Starship at February 28. It’s disappointing for all avid Starship fans, but hopefully a delay just means SpaceX has even more time to prepare for a seamless spring launch.

But while waiting for the FAA, SpaceX is wasting no time with Starlink. A satellite payload is expected to take off with Falcon 9 from the Kennedy Space Center on January 6 @ 4:49 pm Eastern Time. The flight will be SpaceX’s 34th Starlink mission and the first of 2022.

Customers might be happy to see SpaceX so determined to make Starlink a reality so soon, but they would be the only ones. China, meanwhile, complained of life-threatening close encounters between its Tiangong space station and the orbiting Starlink satellites. As SpaceX expands its Starlink network and space trash begins to mimic Earth trash, we may be forced to face the danger of putting more stuff into space.

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More stories from the world of Musk

T-minus Internet

A ranked list of everything Musk and online, handpicked weekly with bionic precision.

ten. Elon Musk visited AI researcher Lex Fridman’s podcast for the third time. No topic was left out – in addition to other topics, both have covered Starship, wormholes, Tesla Bot, and for culture buffs, Rick and morty. You have to have a very high IQ to understand Rick and Morty.

9. You need a very good set of tires to drive a Tesla in the snow. Tesla owners driving vehicles with all-season tires find that when it comes to Tesla against snow, snow usually wins. Try a snow tire, why not you.

8. Due to a software update, Tesla owners and passengers can no longer play video games when the car is in motion. Park your car. Build and perform a snowman execution instead.

seven. Where can poor domestic cats go on a winter day? Wormed and so far from the wild cats with sharp teeth from which they came? I know! Inside the scoop of a Starlink satellite dish. That alone is worth $ 499.

6. Illuminated signage aficionado and YouTuber Tom BetGeorge led a dance between his Teslas and those of his neighbor. He programmed the cars to flash to the sound of Michael Jackson’s “Beat It” and you can download the program for $ 4.99 if you want to challenge your own neighbor. Musk found it deepfire emoji. “

5. Omicron may be wreaking havoc on the world, but for Musk, there’s no better time than the present to publish anti-vaccination memes on Twitter. Seeing Musk expressing one of his more controversial views might upset you, or maybe you agree with him. In any case, it is important to stay up to date with the latest verifiable information. Reverse has you covered.

4. March is warmer than Minneapolis. But Minneapolis has better public transportation.

3. China’s National Space Administration shared photos from its Tianwen-1 mission to Mars on Jan.1. The images are fantastic; they feature the undulating ice cap of Mars at the North Pole and the dusty red cusp of the planet. Out of the dust season two of Emilie in Paris appears.

2. Wondering what it’s like to spend New Years Eve in space? This time-lapse of the German astronaut Matthias Maurer will give you a good idea. The video shows a few astronauts happily enjoying a canned dinner aboard the International Space Station, welcoming the New Year in space style. Is it still champagne if it’s 265 miles above Champagne?

1. And a piece of Musk’s story: A little less exciting – on December 31, 2019, Musk celebrated his New Year’s Eve inside the Tesla Fremont factory, where he helped workers make year-end deliveries. “Yeah, get to work! The world cries out in unison.

The ultra-thin print – It was Musk readings # 279, the weekly recap of essential reading on futurist and entrepreneur Elon Musk. I am Ashley bardhan, assistant of Musk readings.

Why subscribe to Musk Readings +? You will support in-depth, high-quality journalism on the world’s most ambitious change actor Elon Musk. Tesla investors, SpaceX critics, and anyone interested will find something they like about our offerings. Independent journalism is more essential than ever, and your contributions will help us continue our mission of delivering interviews and analysis you won’t find anywhere else.

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Forbes India – Space X, Elon Musk: A Year of Space Tourism, Mars Flights and the Rise of China Mon, 03 Jan 2022 09:41:54 +0000

SpaceX entered the fray in September with a three-day orbital mission around Earth with a fully civilian crew on Inspiration 4.

Image: Patrick T Fallon / AFP From the Mars Ingenuity helicopter’s first powered flight over another world to the launch of the James Webb Telescope that will scan the first epoch of the Universe, 2021 has been a huge year for mankind’s space efforts.

Beyond scientific milestones, billionaires fought to reach the Last Frontier first, an all-civilian crew entered orbit, and Star Trek’s William Shatner explained in depth what it meant to see Earth from the cosmos, while space tourism was finally making sense. .

Here are the selected highlights.

Red planet robot duo

NASA’s Perseverance Rover survived its “seven minutes of terror,” a period when the craft relied on its automated systems for descent and landing, to land perfectly on Mars’ Jezero Crater in February.

Since then, the car-sized robot has taken photos and drilled samples for its mission: to determine whether the red planet could have harbored ancient microbial life forms.

A rock sample return mission is planned for the 2030s.

With his advanced instruments, “Percy,” as the helicopter is affectionately known, can also zap Martian rock and chemically analyze steam.

Percy has a travel partner: Ingenuity, a four-pound (two-kilogram) rotorcraft that succeeded in April on the first flight powered by another celestial body, a little over a century after the Wright brothers performed the same. feat here on Earth. , and has played many more since.

“Perseverance is sort of the flagship mission, it is a long-term, detailed investigation of this fascinating region of Mars,” Jonathan McDowall, astronomer at the Harvard-Smithsonian Center for Astrophysics, told AFP.

In contrast, “Ingenuity, is one of those cute, small, and inexpensive little tech demonstrations that NASA can do so well,” he added.

The knowledge gained from Ingenuity could help scientists develop Dragonfly, a planned 1,000-pound drone-helicopter, to search for signs of life on Saturn’s Titan moon in the mid-1930s.

Private space flight takes off

An American millionaire became the world’s first space tourist in 2001, but it took another 20 years for the promise of a private space flight to finally materialize.

In July, Virgin Galactic founder Richard Branson faced off against Blue Origin’s Jeff Bezos to complete a suborbital space flight.

While the British mogul won this days-long race, it was Blue Origin that took the lead, launching three more flights with paying customers and celebrity guests.

Elon Musk’s SpaceX entered the fray in September with a three-day orbital mission around Earth with a fully civilian crew on Inspiration 4.

“It’s really exciting that at last, after so long, this stuff is finally happening,” said Laura Seward Forczyk, space industry analyst, author of the forthcoming book “Becoming Off-Worldly,” for prepare future space travelers.

But it was William Shatner, who played Captain Kirk’s cloak and sword in the 1960s television series “Star Trek,” who stole the show with a touching account of his experience.

“What you look down on is Mother Earth, and she needs to be protected,” he told reporters.

A Russian crew shot the first feature film in space aboard the International Space Station (ISS) in 2021, and Japanese tourists made their own visit aboard a Russian rocket.

For a few minutes on December 11, there was a record 19 humans in space when Blue Origin flew its third crewed mission, the Japanese team was aboard the ISS with its normal crew, and Chinese taikonauts were in position on their station.

However, the sight of wealthy elites galloping through the cosmos was not to everyone’s liking, and the nascent space tourism industry sparked a backlash from some who said there were more pressing issues at hand. face, such as climate change, here on Earth.

Globalization of space

During the Cold War, space was dominated by the United States and the former Soviet Union.

Today, in addition to the explosion of the commercial sector, which sends satellites at a breakneck pace, China, India and others are increasingly flexing their space muscles.

China’s Tiangong (Palace in the Sky) space station – its first long-term outpost – was launched in April, while its first Martian rover, Zhurong, landed in May, making it the only second country to achieve such a feat.

“For the past 20 years since China finally decided to go into space, it has been in catch-up mode,” McDowall said. “And now they’re sort of there, and they’re starting to do things the United States hasn’t done.”

The United Arab Emirates placed a probe in Martian orbit in February, becoming the first Arab country and the fifth in total to reach the planet.

Russia, meanwhile, launched a missile at one of its own satellites, becoming the fourth country to strike a spacecraft from the ground, which has rekindled concerns over the growing space arms race.

Washington criticized Moscow for its “reckless” test, which generated more than 1,500 pieces of large orbital debris, dangerous for low earth orbit missions such as the ISS.

Coming soon…

The year ended with the launch of the James Webb Space Telescope, a $ 10 billion marvel that will use infrared technology to look 13 billion years back.

“It is arguably the most expensive single science platform ever,” said Casey Drier, senior advocate for the Planetary Society.

“To push the boundaries of our knowledge of the cosmos, we had to build something capable of accessing this ancient past,” he added.

It will reach Lagrange Point 2, a spatial landmark a million kilometers from Earth, in a few weeks, then start up and gradually calibrate its systems, coming online around June.

Also next year, the launch of Artemis 1 – when NASA’s Giant Space Launch System (SLS) will transport the Orion capsule to the Moon and back, in preparation for America’s return with humans later this year. decade.

NASA plans to build lunar habitats and use lessons learned for forward missions to Mars in the 2030s.

Observers are encouraged that the agenda launched by former President Donald Trump has continued under Joe Biden – even though he has not expressed his support so loudly.

Finally, next fall, NASA’s DART probe will crash into an asteroid to cause it to deviate from its path.

The proof-of-concept test is a vacuum test if humanity needs to stop a giant space rock from wiping out life on Earth, as seen in Netflix’s new hit movie “Don’t Look Up “.

Click here to see Forbes India’s full coverage of the Covid-19 situation and its impact on life, business and economy

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SpaceX creates noise of progress at McGregor | News from local businesses Sat, 01 Jan 2022 16:47:00 +0000

Torn said testing takes place periodically throughout the day, without notice or warning. While not bothered, she said she noticed just before the vacation that the trial burns, as they are called, seemed stronger and more intense. The difference between then and now made her wonder if SpaceX had placed the tests on a “vacation break.”

Multiple sources have said SpaceX is actively seeking a solution, not wanting to upset a community it has staked its future on.

“Yes, there has been an increase in intensity, and that has been worked out with the company,” said Andrew Smith, executive director of McGregor Economic Development Corp. “They want to be good neighbors.”

He said town leadership and McGregor’s city council got involved.

Specifically, SpaceX continues to install a new test bed that significantly dampens test noise, he said. SpaceX has been at McGregor since 2003, and before that, the nearly 10,000 acres comprising the city’s industrial park were occupied by the U.S. Navy and defense contractors.

Smith said the new vertical test bed is expected to be live within 60 days.

McGregor Mayor Jim Hering wrote a letter to residents in mid-December, addressing the situation and asking for patience with SpaceX, which he described as a first-class corporate citizen who has lived up to his word. .

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2022 AIAA Durand Lectureship for Public Service awarded to William H. Gerstenmaier of SpaceX Thu, 30 Dec 2021 16:04:54 +0000

2022 AIAA Durand Lectureship for Public Service awarded to William H. Gerstenmaier of SpaceX

Press Release From: American Institute of Aeronautics and Astronautics
Posted: Thursday December 30 2021

The American Institute of Aeronautics and Astronautics (AIAA) is pleased to announce the AIAA 2022 Durand lecturer for the public service is awarded to William H. Gerstenmaier, Vice President, Flight Construction and Reliability, SpaceX. Gerstenmaier will give his conference “Human Spaceflight – The Ultimate Team Sport” Monday, January 3, 1250 p.m. PT, during the AIAA 2022 Scientific Forum, San Diego and online, January 3-7. Registrations are still open attend San Diego in person or online. Journalists can request a Press Pass here.

The Durand Public Service Lecture, named in honor of William F. Durand, Ph.D., is presented for the notable accomplishments of a scientific or technical leader whose contributions have directly led to understanding and understanding application of science and technology of aeronautics and space travel for the benefit of mankind. Durand was a United States naval officer and a pioneer in mechanical engineering. During his remarkable 99-year life, Durand made a significant contribution to the development of aircraft propellers. He was the first civilian chairman of the National Aeronautical Advisory Committee (NACA), the precursor to NASA.

The Institute’s Public Policy Committee is proud to select accomplished leaders in aeronautics and astronautics for this honor who can share their knowledge through ta Durand Conference for the Public Service.

Gerstenmaier leads SpaceX’s quality engineering and process development teams, oversees the launch readiness process and serves as chief engineer on select missions. Prior to joining SpaceX, Gerstenmaier was Associate Administrator of the Directorate of Exploration and Human Operations Mission at NASA Headquarters. He began his career at NASA in 1977, then at the Lewis Research Center in Cleveland. For the next 40 years, he oversaw programs at NASA (such as Orbital Maneuver Vehicle (OMV) operations); led the assembly operations of the Space Shuttle / Space Station Freedom; served as director of operations for the Shuttle / Mir program; managed the integration of the space shuttle program; and served as the ISS Program Manager. Appointed Associate Administrator of the Directorate of Space Operations in 2005, Gerstenmaier led the safe completion of the last 21 Space Shuttle missions which saw the completion of the assembly of the International Space Station.

Gerstenmaier is an honorary member of the AAIA, a member of the AAIA since the 1990s. He holds a bachelor’s degree in aeronautical and astronautical engineering from Purdue University, as well as a master’s degree in mechanical engineering and an honorary doctorate. in Aeronautical and Astronautical Engineering from the University of Toledo. He was elected into the Class of 2018 of the National Academy of Engineering.

For more information on the AIAA Honors and Awards program, contact Patricia A. Carr at

# # #

Media contact: Rebecca B. Gray, ARP,, 804.397.5270 (mobile)

About the IAEA

The American Institute of Aeronautics and Astronautics (AIAA) is the largest aerospace engineering company in the world. With nearly 30,000 individual members from 91 countries and 100 member companies, the IAEA brings together industry, academia and government to advance engineering and science in aviation, space and defense. For more information visit, and follow AIAA on Twitter, Facebook, LinkedIn, and Instagram.

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SpaceX will land humans on Mars in 10 years at the latest Wed, 29 Dec 2021 11:02:44 +0000
  • Elon Musk has said SpaceX will land humans on Mars in 10 years in the worst case.
  • The engineering of the spacecraft and cost reduction are the determining factors.
  • “No amount of money can get you a ticket to Mars,” Musk added on the Lex Fridman podcast.

Elon Musk has said SpaceX will land humans on Mars with its Starship rocket in 10 years, in the worst case scenario.

During an episode of the Lex Fridman podcast released Tuesday, Fridman asked Musk when he thought SpaceX would land humans on the Red Planet.

After a 20 second pause, the billionaire replied, “Best case is about five years, worst case 10 years.”

Musk told Fridman that the determining factors included “the engineering of the vehicle,” adding that “Starship is the most complex and advanced rocket that has ever been made.”

“Starship’s fundamental optimization minimizes the cost per ton in orbit and ultimately the cost per ton on the surface of Mars,” Musk told Fridman on the podcast.

Currently, no one can fly to Mars for a trillion dollars, Musk told Fridman. “No amount of money can get you a ticket to Mars,” he said on the podcast.

The CEO of SpaceX and Tesla has scheduled various dates for his company to reach and land on the Red Planet.

Musk said in an interview with the Clubhouse audio app in February that it will be “five and a half years” before a crewed mission of SpaceX’s Starship rocket can land on the Red Planet.

Musk tweeted in March that his aerospace company would land its Starship rockets on Mars “well before” 2030.

Experts previously told Insider it could take longer than expected if things don’t go exactly as planned during the three remaining launch opportunities before 2026.

Musk eventually plans to build 1,000 Starship rockets and launch three a day to transport a million people to the Red Planet.

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]]> 5 Steps to Landing a Job at SpaceX Mon, 27 Dec 2021 16:15:15 +0000
  • Kiel Towns is a recruiter for Raines International, a recruiting company that helps place candidates for jobs at SpaceX.
  • SpaceX is considered one of the best companies to work for, according to job search site Hired.
  • Kiel Towns details the most important steps to get a job with the company.

SpaceX CEO Elon Musk was recently named “Person of the Year” by Time Magazine. Prior to that, he was voted by Silicon Valley tech workers in 2020 as the “most inspiring leader in tech,” according to job search site Hired.

And in recent years, the same survey has found that SpaceX – a rocket manufacturing company with a mission to “make humanity multi-planetary” – was the first tech company people wanted to work for, more in demand as an employer than Google,


, and Facebook.

We asked Kiel Towns, senior vice president of Raines International, one of the leading recruiting companies for the space industry, the top five steps he recommends for candidates looking for a job at SpaceX. He shared the following information based on conversations he has had with several current and former SpaceX executives. They explain what it takes to stand out while trying to land a job at the coveted space exploration company.

1. Be autonomous and handy

Towns explained that SpaceX is looking to hire top executives who have already distanced themselves from their peers in the form of real-world apps and results. With that in mind, your experience and ability to “tinker” far outweighs your college degrees.

“Developers, DIYers, and the hands-on type people tend to do very well out there,” Towns said.

“They want the person who is going to be practical when working with their team and who is comfortable in that type of environment.”

In addition, he said SpaceX would much prefer to hire someone who would be the chief engineer of a prototype vehicle or engine at a lesser-known company than the traditional leader of a large corporation.

“Culturally speaking, someone who works to disassemble an old car (and reassemble it) in their spare time is more attractive than someone who just enjoys driving fast cars.”

2. Do more with less and bring real innovation

The Raines recruiter also noted that SpaceX prides itself on solving the world’s biggest problems with minimal funding.

“Producing great results with less resources is one of the main things they look for in executives,” Towns said.

Likewise, he noted that entrepreneurs who have “succeeded and accepted failure” bring invaluable lessons to the business.

“You are expected to come in on Day 1 with the ability to think outside the box,” Towns said. “SpaceX doesn’t want the simple solution to building rocket engines; they want the one that no one has thought of, including Elon.”

3. Understand that systems are overused at SpaceX

Another key point, according to Towns, for job seekers targeting the company is that “everything at SpaceX is inherently its own system.”

“They want mechanical, aeronautical and electrical engineers who go beyond processes and continually want to break things down to see how they can be improved,” he added.

4. Be a low ego hard worker who is comfortable with sleeve rolling.

SpaceX employees pride themselves on being part of a horizontal organization, as vice presidents often do the same thing during the day as senior managers. “SpaceX executives aren’t crazy about titles,” Towns said. “Being title oriented is the safest thing for a quick exit.”

He added that while “roll up your sleeves” is a hackneyed phrase, the sentiment behind it is very true at SpaceX. “They praise proven ability over anything else,” Towns said. “Be prepared to work hard and keep your head down if you are just starting out.”

Finally, Towns stressed that the company wanted executives who see the big picture, personally and financially.

“Enter with a sense of humor and humility, he said. SpaceX prides itself on being reclusive and operating more behind the scenes for its leaders.”

5. Apply for an internship

According to Towns, there are two main routes to SpaceX: internships and referrals. The company offers a year-round internship program with internship opportunities available across all of its engineering and business operations functions.

SpaceX’s website notes that these internships are open to technical and non-technical applicants who are enrolled in an accredited four-year university. Internship candidates pursuing roles in software or business operations may also be within six months of graduating from college before starting their employment with SpaceX, or be enrolled in a graduate program.

Towns explained that while these internships are incredibly competitive, it’s worth throwing your hat in the ring if you qualify for one, since SpaceX hires over 70% of its interns.

“What sets someone apart for an internship is the hands-on application experience during their college years,” Towns said. “Was this individual part of an engineering club or did he help launch a new application or software? This type of candidate is much more attractive than a holder of an MBA from a top school. “

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]]> 5 things to know Wednesday Thu, 23 Dec 2021 23:15:57 +0000

President Biden will be tested again for COVID-19

President Joe Biden will be tested for COVID-19 on Wednesday after an initial negative antigen test on Sunday and a PCR test on Monday. The president was in close contact with a White House aide on Friday who tested positive on Monday. The announcement came amid an increase in coronavirus infections caused by the delta variant and as health officials brace for another spike caused by the omicron variant. The unidentified White House aide spent about 30 minutes “near the president” on Air Force One as Biden flew from South Carolina to Pennsylvania on Friday, the statement said.

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