Machine learning and AI can help plan future space missions, says NASA scientist

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She was speaking on “Applied AI for Science and Exploration Enabled by Public-Private Partnerships” organized as part of a workshop on “the long-term study of solar activity” during the 40th meeting of the Astronomical Society of India (ASI) – 2022 at IIT-Roorkee on Friday. 2022 marks ASI’s golden jubilee year.

“AI is becoming a powerful tool not only for making discoveries, but it can also help create and plan future space missions. AI models and tools must be easily deployable both aboard space missions and also those used to predict space weather,” Guhathakurta said.

AI and ML pose a great challenge to the scientific community in the study of heliophysical systems.

More than scientific institutions, industries are able to invest in the development of AI and ML tools which are then handed over to the scientific community to be used and tested. “Public-private partnerships are vital,” she said.

NASA’s senior scientist shared that AI and ML facilitate automatic correction, can track complex structures inside solar winds, and facilitate the replacement of multiple filters installed on payloads for observations, thus capable contribute to reducing mission costs.

“There are vast datasets collectively collected by satellite and space observatories and it is humanly impossible to analyze them,” she noted.

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