You must have listened to the news of the arrival of asteroids often towards Earth which could cause devastating damage. However, most of these asteroids are reduced to ashes in our atmosphere. However, in time to come, humans may be ready to deflect a potentially planet-killing asteroid. For this, the American space agency NASA has launched the DART program (Double Asteroid Redirection). Its purpose is to change the direction of the asteroid in space itself.
Trial September 26
According to News Bytes, NASA launched the DART mission last year to delete or alter the direction of such an asteroid. Next month, that is September 26, it will be tested. Under this, the NASA spacecraft will collide with the asteroid and change its direction. If this mission is successful, it can be used in the future if needed.
A spacecraft will collide with this asteroid
According to the information, there is an asteroid named Didymos in space. Its diameter is about 780 meters. It is surrounded by a moon-shaped stone named Dimorphos, whose diameter is 160 meters. The American spacecraft will collide with Dimorphos and attempt to change direction.
The mission was launched last year
NASA said Dimorphos orbits Didymos at a much slower rate than the Sun’s orbit. Didymos was discovered in 1996 by Joe Montani of the Spacewatch Project at the University of Arizona. At the same time, the DART mission was launched in November 2021.
There will be a collision at a speed of 24 thousand km per hour
The NASA spacecraft will collide with this asteroid at a speed of approximately 24,000 kilometers per hour. The scientist hopes that after this collision, the asteroid will be able to change direction. This mission was conducted by the Johns Hopkins Applied Physics Laboratory (APL) under the direction of NASA’s Planetary Defense Coordination Office (PDCO).
The technology that will be used in this mission is called Kinetic Impactor Technique. When the NASA space plane collides with this asteroid, it will be studied with the telescope on Earth.